Synthesis and Characterization of Onion Mediated Silver Doped Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Authors(3) :-N. Tensingh Baliah, P. Muthulakshmi, S. Lega Priyatharsini

Green synthesis of nanoparticles has attracted considerable attention in recent years. In this regard, plants extracts and natural resources such as microorganisms and enzymes have been found to be good alternative reagents in nanoparticles synthesis. Utilizing green substances has several advantages including low energy consumption and moderate operation conditions without using any toxic chemicals. An attempt was made to synthesis and characterizes the silver doped zinc oxide nanoparticles (Ag doped ZnO NPs) by using onion extract. The synthesized Ag doped ZnO NPs were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy Analysis (EDAX), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Zeta potential analyses. These characterizations revealed that doped nanoparticles are differed in their structural properties. The onion extract was used as reducing agent as well as stabilizer. The phytochemicals found in the onion extract were responsible for the formation of Ag doped ZnO NPs.

Authors and Affiliations

N. Tensingh Baliah
Center for Research And Post Graduate Studies In Botany, Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India
P. Muthulakshmi
Center for Research And Post Graduate Studies In Botany, Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India
S. Lega Priyatharsini
Center for Research And Post Graduate Studies In Botany, Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India

Nanoparticles, Onion, Silver Nitrate, Zinc Oxide, Doped

  1. K Kavitha, S. Baker, D. Rakshith, H. Kavitha, B. Harini and S. Satish, “Plants as green source towards synthesis of nanoparticles,” Int. Res. J. Biol. Sci. vol. 2, pp. 66-76, 2013.
  2. L Christensen, S. Vivekanandhan, M. Misra, A. Mohanty, “Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Murraya koenigii (curry leaf) an investigation on the effect bof broth concentration in reduction mechanism and particle size,” Adv. Mat. Lett.vol. 2, pp. 429-434, 2011.
  3. K C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. vol. 67, pp. 735-743, 1995.
  4. A Z. Mirza and H. Shamshad, “Preparation and characterization of doxorubicin functionalized gold nanoparticles, “Eur. J. Med. Chem. vol. 46, pp. 1857-1860, 2011.
  5. A K. Singh, M. Talat, D. Singh, P. Srivastava, “Biosynthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles by natural precursor clove and their functionalization with amine,” J. Nanopart. Res. vol. 12, pp. 1667-1675, 2010.
  6. B S. Nayak, S. S. Raju, F. A. Orette and A. V. C. Rao, “Effects of Hibiscus rosasinensis L. (Malvaceae) on wound healing activity: a preclinical study in a sprague dawley rat.,” Int. J. Lower Extremity Wounds, Vol. 6 no. 2, pp. 76-81, 2007.
  7. J L. Gardea-Torresdey, E. Gomez, J. R. Peralta-Videa, J. G. Parsons, H. Troiani and M. Jose Yacaman, “Alfalfa sprouts: a natural source for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles,” Langmuir, vol. 19, pp. 1357–1361, 2003.
  8. V Vijayakumar and A. K. Kumaraguru, “Antibacterial potential of biosynthesised silver nanoparticles using Avicennia marina mangrove plant,” Appl. Nanosci. vol. 2, pp. 143-147, 2012.
  9. N Padmavathy and R. Vijayaraghavan, “Enhanced bioactivity of ZnO nanoparticles - An antimicrobial study,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. vol. 9. pp. 432-438, 2008.
  10. A. M. Oztas, M. L. Smith and J. Paul, “Spacetime curvature is important for cosmology constrained with supernova emissions,” Int. J. Theoret. Phys. vol. 47, pp. 725-740, 2008.
  11. D. Gnanasangeetha and S. D. Thambavani, “One pot synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles via chemical and green method,” Res. J. Mat. Sci. vol. 1, no. 7, pp. 1-8, 2013.
  12. R. Sanchez Zeferino, M. B. Flores and U. Pal, “Photoluminescence and Raman scattering in Ag-doped ZnO nanoparticles,” J. Appli. Phys. vol. 109, pp. 308-312, 2011.
  13. S. Roy, M. Triparna, T. shatarupa and P. Das, “Biosynthesis, characterization and antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized by the fungus Aspergillus foetidus,” J. Nanometer. Biostruc. vol. 8, pp. 197–205, 2013.
  14. T. C. N. Prathna, A. M. Chandrasekaran, A. Raichur and Mukherjee, “Biomimetic synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Citrus limon (Lemon) aqueous extract and theoretical prediction of particle size,” Colloid. Surf. B: Bioint. vol. 82, pp. 152-159, 2011.
  15. M. Forough and K. Farhadi, “Biological and green synthesis of silver nanoparticles,” Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci. vol. 34, pp. 281 – 287, 2010.
  16. J. Mohammed, Haider and M. S. Mehdi, “Study of morphology and Zeta Potential analyzer for the silver nanoparticles,” Int. J. Scienti. Engineer. Res. vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 381-387, 2014.
  17. R. Chauhan, A. Kumar and R. P. Chaudhary, “Synthesis and characterization of silver doped ZnO nanoparticles,” Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 378–385, 2010.
  18. D. Wang, Y. Yu, H. L. Xin, R. Hovden, P. Ercius, J. A. Mundy, H. Chen, J. H. Richard, D. A. Muller, F. J. Disalvo and H. D. Abruna, “Tuning oxygen reduction reaction activity via controllable dealloying: A model study of ordered Cu3Pt/C intermetallic nanocatalysts,” Nano. Letters vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 5230-5238, 2012.
  19. R. K. Shah, F. Boruah and N. Parween, “Synthesis and characterization of ZnO nanoparticles using leaf extract of Camellia sinesis and evaluation of their antimicrobial efficacy,” Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 444-450, 2015.
  20. O. D. Jayakumar, V. Sudarsan, C. Sudakar, R. Naik, R. K. Vatsa and A. K. Tyagi, “Green emission from ZnO nanorods: Role of defects and morphology,” Scr. Mater. vol. 62, pp. 662–665, 2010.
  21. D. Guin, S. V. Manorama, J. N. L. Latha and S. Singh, “Photoreduction of silver on bare and colloidal TiO2nanoparticles/nanotubes: Synthesis, characterization, and tested for antibacterial outcome,” J. Phys. Chem. C. vol. 111, pp. 13393-13397, 2007.
  22. S. S. Patil, R. H. Patil, S. B. Kale, M. S., Tamboli, J. D., Ambekar, W. N., Gade, S. S., Kolekar and B. B. Kale, “Nanostructured microspheres of silver zinc oxide: Anexcellent impeder of bacterial growth and biofilm,” J. Nanoparticle Res. vol. 16, pp. 1–11, 2014.
  23. L. Zung, L. Jiang and Y., Ding, “Investigation into antibacterial behaviour of suspensions of ZnO nanoparticles against Coli,” J. Nanopart. Res. vol. 12, pp. 1625-1636, 2010.
  24. S. Gayathri, O. S. N. Ghosh, S. Sathishkumar, P. Sudhakara, J. Jayaramudu, S. S. Ray and A. K. Viswanath, Investigation of physicochemical properties of Ag doped ZnO nanoparticles prepared by chemical route,” Appl. Sci. Lett. Vol. 1 no. 1, pp. 8-13, 2015.
  25. S. Y. Pung, W. P. Lee and A. Aziz, “Kinetic study of organic dye degradation using ZnO particles with different morphologies as a photocatalyst,” Int. Inorg. Che. Vol. 3, pp. 1-9, 2012.
  26. N. Nghia, N. N. K. Truong, N. M. Thong and N.P. Hung, “Synthesis of nanowire-shaped silver by polyol process of sodium chloride,” Int. J. Mater. Chem. vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 75–78, 2012.
  27. L. L. Zhang, Y. H. Jiang, Y. L. Ding, M. Povey and D. York, “Investigation into the antibacterial behavior of suspensions of ZnO nanoparticles,” J. Nanopart. Res. vol. 9, pp. 479-489, 2007.
  28. J. Mohammad, Hajipour, K. M. Fromm, A. A. Ashkarran, I. R. de Larramendi, T. Rojo, V. Serpooshan, W. J. Parak and M. Mahmoudi, “Antibacterial properties of nanoparticles,” Trends Biotechnol. Vol. 30, pp. 10, 2012.
  29. S. Jafarirad, M. Mehrabi, B. Divband and M. Kosari-Nasab, “Biofabrication of zinc oxide nanoparticles using fruit extract of Rosa canina and their toxic potential against bacteria: a mechanistic approach Mater,” Sci. Eng. C. vol. 59, pp. 296–302, 2016.
  30. K. Anandalakshmi, J., Venugobal and V. Ramasamy, “Characterization of silver anoparticles by green synthesis method using Pedalium murex leaf extract and their antibacterial activity,” Appl. Nanosci. vol. 6, pp. 399, 2016.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 11 | November-December 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-11-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 111-120
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET11841129
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

N. Tensingh Baliah, P. Muthulakshmi, S. Lega Priyatharsini, " Synthesis and Characterization of Onion Mediated Silver Doped Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 11, pp.111-120, November-December-2018. Available at doi :
Journal URL :

Article Preview