Bukho Stone Feasibility (Nias) As A Layer Subbase Course on The Pavement

Authors(1) :-Oloan Sitohang

North Nias regency contains a significant amount of rock aggregate deposits, namely Bukho stone. To optimize the potential of the material source of the road, it will be conducted the Bukho stone feasibility test as the bottom layer material (subbase course) on the pavement.This study aims to find out whether the bukho stone is eligible and suitable for use as a subbase course material of road pavement according to SNI 03-6388-2000 and laboratory CBR value. The tests are: Sieve Analysis, Abrasion (SNI 03-2417-1991), Liquid Limit (SNI 03-1967-1990), Plastic Limit (SNI 03-1967-1990), and Plasticity Index testing (SNI 1966-2008). Then testing Modified Compaction (SNI 03-1743-1989), resulting in a graph of the relationship of dry weighted (?d) and optimum water content (wopt). Furthermore, testing support of materials by means of CBR laboratory (SNI 03-1744-1989). The result of the research is Abrasion of 28,44%, Plasticity Index 1,056%, Laboratory CBR value on gradation A, B and C respectively 58,33%, 40,68%, and 20,34% meet the minimum requirement of CBRsubbase course that is ? 20% according to the guidance of thickness planning of the bending of the highway pavement (SKBI 378 / KPTS / 1987). While on the gradations of D, E, and F obtained the value of CBR laboratory respectively of 15.149%, 18.87%, and 15.439%.Bukho stone test results can be used and feasible as subbase course materials using gradations A, B, and C.

Authors and Affiliations

Oloan Sitohang
Lecturer, Civil Engineering Department of University Chatolic Saint Thomas North Sumatra, Medan, Indonesia

Bukho Stone, Subbase Course, CBR

  1. Arshad, M., & Ahmed, M. F. (2017). Potential use of reclaimed asphalt pavement and recycled concrete aggregate in base/subbase layers of flexible pavements. Construction and Building Materials, 151, 83-97.
  2. Arulrajah, A., Disfani, M. M., Horpibulsuk, S., Suksiripattanapong, C., &Prongmanee, N. (2014). Physical properties and shear strength responses of recycled construction and demolition materials in unbound pavement base/subbase applications. Construction and Building Materials, 58, 245-257.
  3. Behiry, A. E. A. E. M. (2013). Evaluation of steel slag and crushed limestone mixtures as subbase material in flexible pavement. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 4(1), 43-53.
  4. del Valle-Zermeño, R., Formosa, J., Prieto, M., Nadal, R., Niubó, M., &Chimenos, J. M. (2014). Pilot-scale road subbase made with granular material formulated with MSWI bottom ash and stabilized APC fly ash: Environmental impact assessment. Journal of hazardous materials, 266, 132-140.
  5. Erlingsson, S., Rahman, S., &Salour, F. (2017).Characteristic of unbound granular materials and subgrades based on multi stage RLT testing. Transportation Geotechnics, 13, 28-42.
  6. Kambole, C., Paige-Green, P., Kupolati, W. K., Ndambuki, J. M., &Adeboje, A. O. (2017). Basic oxygen furnace slag for road pavements: A review of material characteristics and performance for effective utilisation in southern Africa.Construction and Building Materials, 148, 618-631.
  7. Montepara, A., Tebaldi, G., Marradi, A., &Betti, G. (2012).Effect on pavement performance of a subbase layer composed by natural aggregate and RAP. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 53, 980-989.
  8. Poon, C. S., & Chan, D. (2006).Feasible use of recycled concrete aggregates and crushed clay brick as unbound road sub-base. Construction and Building Materials, 20(8), 578-585.
  9. Saltan, M., &F?nd?k, F. S. (2008).Stabilization of subbase layer materials with waste pumice in flexible pavement.Building and Environment, 43(4), 415-421.
  10. Zhang, Y., Ishikawa, T., Tokoro, T., & Nishimura, T. (2014).Influences of degree of saturation and strain rate on strength characteristics of unsaturated granular subbase course material. Transportation Geotechnics, 1(2), 74-89.
  11. Balitbang Department of Public Works. 2015. General Specification of Road and Bridge Fields.
  12. LPKM-ITB, 2010. Anaysis of Road Pavement Structure. Bandung : ITB.
  13. M. Das, Braja, 2014. Principles of Geotechnical Engineering.
  14. Ministry of Public Works, Directorate General of Highways. 2006. Road Works Works.
  15. Purba, Brian Rifvaldo, 2012. Aggregate Feasibility Test from Saoka Sorong as Aggregate Road Base Material
  16. SKBI 378 / KPTS / 1987. Planning Guidance for Bold Pavement Thickness of Highways (Ministry of Public Works)
  17. SNI 03-1744-1989 / 1744-2012. CBR Laboratory Test Method.
  18. SNI 03-2417-1991. Test Method of Aggregate Wear with Los Angeles Abrasion Machine.
  19. SNI 03-6388-2000. Bottom Bound Aggregate Specification, Upper Layer, and Surface Layer
  20. SNI 03-1743-1989. The Modified Proctor Test.
  21. SNI 03-1966-1990. Method of Plastic Limit Testing
  22. SNI 03-1967-1990. Method of Testing Liquid Limit With Casagrande Tool.
  23. Sukirman, Silvia. 1992. Highway Pavement Flexibility. Jakarta: Nova.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 579-581
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1184159
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Oloan Sitohang, " Bukho Stone Feasibility (Nias) As A Layer Subbase Course on The Pavement, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.579-581, January-February-2018.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1184159

Article Preview