Experimental Investigation on Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Neem Oil Methyl Ester and its Diesel Blends

Authors(3) :-VSV Sateesh, T. Ch Siva Reddy, K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy

Ever increasing energy consumption, declining reserves of petroleum fuel and concern over environmental pollution have encouraged researchers further in search of alternative energy sources. The past research results revealed that wind, solar and geo-thermal energies can be considered as alternative renewable energy sources. In case of automotives and agricultural equipment, diesel fuel is most widely used fuel and bio-fuel is the preeminent alternative fuel to replace diesel partially/completely. The vegetable oil based biodiesels which are derived from transesterification of plant based oil seeds have comparable heat energy value of diesel on volume basis and almost nearer cetane number. The use of edible oil as fuel or biodiesel feedstock has raised concerns of a food crisis. Hence the present paper aims to investigate the performance characteristics of direct injection compression ignition engine using neem oil methyl ester (NOME) and their diesel blends as fuel. The experiment analysis was carried-out using single cylinder, water cooled, direct injection diesel engine and observed lower brake thermal efficiency (BTE), higher brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and brake specific energy consumption (BSEC) when compared with petro-diesel fuel. The test results confirmed that B10N methyl ester of neem oil diesel blend has comparable performance characteristics as diesel fuel among all tested blends of biodiesel and can be used as fuel in unmodified diesel engine.

Authors and Affiliations

VSV Sateesh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
T. Ch Siva Reddy
Department of Mechanical Engineering, JNTUH College of Engineering, JNTUH University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy

Biodiesel, Transesterification, Neem Oil, Methyl Ester, Engine Performance.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 472-477
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1184189
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

VSV Sateesh, T. Ch Siva Reddy, K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy, " Experimental Investigation on Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Neem Oil Methyl Ester and its Diesel Blends , International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.472-477, January-February.2018
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1184189

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