Introduction to Methodology Framework towards Water Quality Assessment. Case Study: A Review of Malacca River

Authors(2) :-Ang Kean Hua, Faradiella Mohd Kusin

Water is a basic resources required by organisms for survival. Various activities have caused water quality to remain contaminated. These problems are present in the Malacca River, Malacca state. This research study has been carried out based on methodology framework review towards water quality assessment in Malacca River. Methodology can be divided into three processes, namely the planning process, applying process, and analyzing process. The planning process includes the design to collect and gather, analyze, and present the data in result form, for example qualitative or quantitative analysis, and primary data or secondary data. Applying process refers to the methods used to collect and gather data for analysis; for example, primary data will require researcher to collect raw samples data from the site, and secondary data will require researcher to collect data from government departments and institutions, the private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and so on. Lastly, the analyzing process refers to the raw data undergoing analysis to provide result and information; for example, primary raw data and secondary raw data will need to be analyzed in a laboratory, in-situ analysis, GIS analysis, remote sensing analysis, other system analysis, and so on, depending on the objective of research study. If there were no mistakes or errors before, during and after collecting data, the results and information generated can determine the achievement of objectives or hypotheses of a research study.

Authors and Affiliations

Ang Kean Hua
Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Faradiella Mohd Kusin
Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

Methodology, planning process, applying process, analyzing process, water quality

  1. Acreman, M.C. (1998). Principle of water management for people and the environment. In Water and population dynamics. Ed. A. de Shirbinin & V. Dompka, pp. 25-48. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  2. APHA Official Portal (2015). About APHA. Retrieved from
  3. APHA Official Portal (2015). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Retrieved from
  4. Bitrner, M. (July 4, 2013). The World’s Most Polluted River. EHS Journal. Retrieved from
  5. Department of Environment (2012). Malaysia Environmental Quality Report 2012.
  6. Department of Irrigation and Drainage (2009). Study on the river water quality trends and indexes in Peninsular Malaysia. Water Resources Publication, No. 2.
  7. Department of Town and Country Planning (2015). World Heritage City. Retrieved from
  8. EPA Official Portal (2015). Water Quality Conditions. Retrieved from
  9. 1Gleick, P.H. (1993). Water in Crisis: A Guide to the World’s Freshwater Resources. Oxford University Press, p.13.
  10. HACH Official Portal (2015). Application – Wastewater Discharge. Retrieved from
  11. Hua, A.K. and Kusin, F.M. (2015). Remote Sensing towards Water Quality Study in Malacca River. Case Study: A Review Perspective. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology. 1 (2), 9-15.
  12. Marican, S. (2005). Social Science Research Methods. Prentice Hall/Pearson Malaysia.
  13. Nasbah, N.N. (January 23, 2010). Sungai Melaka tercemar. Utusan Online. Retrieved from utusan/info.asp?y=2010&dt=0123&sec=Selatan&
  14. National Geographic Official Portal (2015). Water Pollution. Retrieved from environment/freshwater/pollution/
  15. River and Coastal Development Corporation Malacca Official Portal (2015). River Information. Retrieved from
  16. SASKATCHEWAN Research Council Official Portal (2015). Water Quality Testing. Retrieved from industries/environment/pages/water-quality-testing.aspx
  17. Yusof, R. (2003). Social Science Research. Pahang, Malaysia: PTS Publications & Distributors.
  18. URL : saliran-melaka

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 4 | July-August 2015
Date of Publication : 2015-08-25
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 25-29
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET15142
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Ang Kean Hua, Faradiella Mohd Kusin, " Introduction to Methodology Framework towards Water Quality Assessment. Case Study: A Review of Malacca River, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.25-29, July-August-2015.
Journal URL :

Article Preview