Passive Treatment of Metal and Sulphate-Rich Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Using Mixed Limestone, Spent Mushroom Compost and Activated Sludge

Authors(5) :-Siti Nurjaliah Muhammad, Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Mohd Syakirin Md Zahar, Nur Syafika Madzlen, Elizabeth Rinta Gaung

Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a major environmental problem as it involves the release of acidic, sulphate- and metal-containing water into the environment. It usually has low pH which is acidic and contains toxic and non-biodegradable pollutants such as heavy metals, e.g. lead (Pb), aluminium (Al), copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn). Passive treatment has been regarded as a reliable means for treating AMD and was assessed in this study using multiple substrates. This study aims to provide an evaluation of passive treatment of metal- and sulphate-rich AMD incorporating limestone, spent mushroom compost and activated sludge (mixed substrates). Batch experiment was conducted using different mixture of treatment media over 120 hours. Synthetic mine water was used in the batch experiment. Samples were analysed for pH and alkalinity increase, sulphate reduction and heavy metal removals. Spent mushroom compost was found to be effective in producing the highest increase in pH and alkalinity as well as the greatest sulphate removal among other single media. The mixed substrates (40% limestone, 30% spent mushroom compost, 20% activated sludge, and 10% woodchips) were effective for the removal of most heavy metals studied.

Authors and Affiliations

Siti Nurjaliah Muhammad
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
Faradiella Mohd Kusin
Environmental Forensics Research Centre (ENFORCE), Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
Mohd Syakirin Md Zahar
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
Nur Syafika Madzlen
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
Elizabeth Rinta Gaung
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia

Acid Mine Drainage, Passive Treatment, Limestone, Spent Mushroom Compost, Activated Sludge

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 4 | July-August 2015
Date of Publication : 2015-08-25
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 234-239
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET151438
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Siti Nurjaliah Muhammad, Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Mohd Syakirin Md Zahar, Nur Syafika Madzlen, Elizabeth Rinta Gaung, " Passive Treatment of Metal and Sulphate-Rich Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Using Mixed Limestone, Spent Mushroom Compost and Activated Sludge, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.234-239, July-August.2015
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET151438

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