Biodegradation of Benzene under Anaerobic Condition using Enriched Microbial Culture

Authors(3) :-Shalini Gupta, Bhawana Pathak, M H Fulekar

Benzene is a highly toxic organic contaminant having carcinogenic potential and a serious ground water contaminant. Refinery industry is a major source of benzene contamination in the environment. The present paper focuses on biodegradation of benzene under anaerobic condition by using enriched microbial consortium. Enriched bacterial isolates, identified by 16S rRNA sequencing technique were taxonomically 99% similar to Bacillus cereus strain BC2, Citrobacter freundii strain : A11-1, Bacillus cereus strain SS263-3, Brevibacterium linens strain S402003. A bioreactor was designed & developed for the study of biodegradation of benzene with different concentrations (5, 10, 25 ppm). 94.3 % degradation was observed in 5 ppm followed by 10 and 25 ppm i.e. 67.08 % & 51.3 % respectively. Results of this study indicated that these genera may play an active role in bioremediation of benzene.

Authors and Affiliations

Shalini Gupta
School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Bhawana Pathak
School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
M H Fulekar
School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Biodegradation, Benzene, Anaerobic, Enriched, Microbial Culture

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 4 | July-August 2015
Date of Publication : 2015-08-25
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 207-215
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET151446
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Shalini Gupta, Bhawana Pathak, M H Fulekar , " Biodegradation of Benzene under Anaerobic Condition using Enriched Microbial Culture, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.207-215, July-August-2015.
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