Ambient viable fungal spore was studied for four years, 2010 to 2013. Meteorological parameter (Temp, RH, wind speed-direction and precipitation) was recorded to assess the association of fungal spore and seasonal meteorological parameters. Maximum annual average of fungal spore was recorded during the year of 2012 as 47,734 CFU/m3. Minimum was during the year 2010 as 31,618 CFU/m3. In seasonally, maximum number of fungal spore was recorded during winter, monsoon and post monsoon. Majority of fungal aerosol belongs to genera of Fusarium, Aspergillus, Helminthosporium, Cladosporium, Penicillium, Monosporium, Alternaria, Candida and Trichoderma. Fungal spore had strong correlation with relative humidity (r=0.754) than ambient temperature (r=0.369). Fungal aerosol had strongest correlation (r=0.437) with wind during monsoon, significant correlation in post monsoon (r=0.243). Bengaluru embrace the multidimensional wind pattern during the month of May which dispersed maximum fungal spore. Rain fall pattern in Bengaluru declined fungal spore number in the atmosphere during monsoon. But, precipitation during summer potentially enhanced fungal spore from source. Overall study concluded that fungal spore dominated during winter and post monsoon which is high risk of fungal related health problems in human, animal and plants.
Sivasakthivel S, Nandini. N
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Cite This Article
Sivasakthivel S, Nandini. N, "Seasonal Distribution of Ambient Fungal Spore in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.271-282, July-August-2015.
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