IJSRSET calls volunteers interested to contribute towards the scientific development in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology

Home > IJSRSET151448                                                     


Seasonal Distribution of Ambient Fungal Spore in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Authors(2):

Sivasakthivel S, Nandini. N
  • Abstract
  • Authors
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Details
Ambient viable fungal spore was studied for four years, 2010 to 2013. Meteorological parameter (Temp, RH, wind speed-direction and precipitation) was recorded to assess the association of fungal spore and seasonal meteorological parameters. Maximum annual average of fungal spore was recorded during the year of 2012 as 47,734 CFU/m3. Minimum was during the year 2010 as 31,618 CFU/m3. In seasonally, maximum number of fungal spore was recorded during winter, monsoon and post monsoon. Majority of fungal aerosol belongs to genera of Fusarium, Aspergillus, Helminthosporium, Cladosporium, Penicillium, Monosporium, Alternaria, Candida and Trichoderma. Fungal spore had strong correlation with relative humidity (r=0.754) than ambient temperature (r=0.369). Fungal aerosol had strongest correlation (r=0.437) with wind during monsoon, significant correlation in post monsoon (r=0.243). Bengaluru embrace the multidimensional wind pattern during the month of May which dispersed maximum fungal spore. Rain fall pattern in Bengaluru declined fungal spore number in the atmosphere during monsoon. But, precipitation during summer potentially enhanced fungal spore from source. Overall study concluded that fungal spore dominated during winter and post monsoon which is high risk of fungal related health problems in human, animal and plants.

Sivasakthivel S, Nandini. N

Airborne Fungal Spore, Metrological Parameters, Seasonal Variation.

  1. Aylor DE. (1975). Force required to detach Helminthosporium maydis. Plant Physiol , 55, 99-101.
  2. Barnett H.L. (1960). Illustrated genera of Imperfect fungi, 2nd edition, Burges publishing company, ISBN: 8087-0207-6.
  3. Bengaluru Climatological Table 1971-2000. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  4. Breitenbach, M. C. R. & Lehrer, S. B. (2002). Fungal allergy and pathogenicity, 08, edited by: Breitenbach, M. C. R. and Lehrer, S. B., Cambridge Journals Online, 310.
  5. Burshtein, N., Lang-Yona, N., & Rudich, Y (2011). Ergosterol, arabitol and mannitol as tracers for biogenic aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 11, 829-839, doi:10.5194/acp-11-829-2011.
  6. Crawford, N. H. Robinson., M. J.Flynn., V. E. Foot., M. W. Gallagher., J. A. Huffman., W. R. Stanley & P. H. Kaye. Characterisation of bioaerosol emissions from a Colorado pine forest: results from the BEACHON-RoMBAS experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 14, 8559-8578 .
  7. Ellis M.B. (1971). Dematiaceous Hhyphomycetes. Commonwealth agricultural bureax, 1st edition, ISBN: 85198-027-9.
  8. Enoch, D. A., Ludlam, H. A., & Brown, N. M. (2006). Invasive fungal infections: a review of epidemiology and management options, J. Med. Microbiol, 55, 809-818, doi:10.1099/jmm.0.46548-0.
  9. Frohlich-Nowoisky, J., Pickersgill, D. A., Despres, V. R., & Poschl, U (2009). High diversity of fungi in air particulate matter. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 106, 12814-12819, doi:10.1073/pnas.0811003106.
  10. Garvey, G. & Keller, N. (2010). Fungal Secondary Metabolites and Their Fundamental Roles in Human Mycoses. Curr. Fungal Infect. Rep., 4, 256-265.
  11. Hassouni, H., M. Ismaili Alaoui, K. Lamrani, I. Gaime Perraud, C. Augur & S. Roussos. (2007). Comparative spore germination of filamentous fungi on solid state fermentation under different culture conditions. Micologa Aplicada International, 19 (1), 7-14.
  12. Himanshu LalI., Teenu PuniaII., Bipasha GhoshI., Arun SrivastavaI & V. K. JainI. (2013). Comparative study of bioaerosol during monsoon and post-monsoon seasons at four sensitive sites in Delhi region. International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Environmental Sciences, 1(2), 1-7.
  13. Kurup, V. P., Shen, H. D., & Banerjee, B. (2000). Respiratory fungal allergy, Microbes Infect, 2, 1101-1110.
  14. Livingston, C.H., M.D. Harrison, & N.Oshima. (1963). A new type spore trap to measure number of airborne fungus spore and their periods deposition. Plant Dis.Rep, 47(5), 340-341.
  15. Madelin, T. M (1994). Fungal aerosols: A review, J. Aerosol Sci., 25, 1405-1412.
  16. Oliveira, M., Ribeiro, H., & Abreul, I (2005). Annual Variation of Fungal Spores in Atmosphere of Porto: 2003. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med, 12, 309-315, 2005.
  17. Redhead J E., Yanpeng Li1., Haifeng Zhang., Xionghui Qiu., Yanru Zhang & Huanran Wang.(1975). Endomycorrhizas. New York Academic press. 447.
  18. Shaista Parveen, Shraddha Gupta, Beena Sharma & Kavita Sharma. (2013). Survey of fungal diversity in water and its impact on human health. Trends in life, 2 (2), 78-86.
  19. Shelton B. G., K. H. Kirkland, D. Flanders & G. Morris, (2002). Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68, 1743-1753.
  20. Sivasakthivel Senthilvel & Nandini Natarajan. (2014). Air borne multiple drug resistant bacteria Isolated from concentrated municipal solid waste dumping site of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. International research journal of Environmental Science, 3(10), 14-19.
  21. Umesh B.Kakde & Hemalata U.Kakde. (2012). Incidence of post-harvest disease and airborne fungal spores in a vegetable market. Acta Bot.Croat, 71(1), 147-157.
  22. Xu YP, Zhou YQ, Wang DH, Chen SH, Liu JX & Wang ZJ. (2008) Occurrence and removal of organic micropollutants in the treatment of landfill leachate by combined anaerobic-membrane bioreactor technology. J Environ Sci , 20(11), 1281-1287.
  23. Yanpeng Li., Haifeng Zhang., Xionghui Qiu., Yanru Zhang., Huanran Wang., & Redhead J E. (1975). Endomycorrhizas. New Yorj; Academic press. 447.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 4 | July-August - 2015
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2015-08-25 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
271-282 IJSRSET151448   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Sivasakthivel S, Nandini. N, "Seasonal Distribution of Ambient Fungal Spore in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.271-282, July-August-2015.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET151448.php