Study on the food and feeding habits is important in the management and life cycle analysis of fishes. Glossogobius giuris, an important food fish, supports a good fishery in the downstream part of Chalakudy River- a global biodiversity hotspot. Even though it is basically an estuarine fish, it occurs quite frequently in fresh waters too. Analysis of gut content of fishes is the best and most direct way of investigating their food habits. The food and feeding habits of this fish have been closely followed for one year. The fish samples were collected monthly from Chalakudy River using gill nets. It is observed that the feeding profile of the fish includes teleost fishes, crustaceans, molluscus, semi digested particles, insects, algae and miscellaneous items. The present investigation of the food and feeding habits of G. giuris reveals that it is a carnivorous, predatory and bottom feeding fish showing cannibalism.
Roshni K, Renjithkumar C.R, Madhusoodhana Kurup
Glossogobius giuris, goby, Chalakudy River, feeding habit, carnivore
- Ajithkumar, C.R., Remadevi, K., Thomas, R. and Biju, C.R. (1999 Fish fauna, abundance and distribution in Chalakudy river system, Kerala. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 96(2): 244- 251.
- Ahmed, A.T.A., G. Mustafa and M.Z. Alam (1984) Biochemical composition of seven species of Gobi fish. J. Asiatic Soc. Bangladesh 10: 107-111.
- Alikunhi, K.H., G.L. Rao and P.K. Jacob (1951) Bionomics and development of Glossogobius giuris (Hamlton). J. Madras Univ. 21 (B): 238-248.
- Borek, K.W. and M.R. Sapota (2005) Breeding characteristics of the sand goby (Pomatoschistus minutus) one of the most abundant goby species in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Gdansla region (Southern Baltic Sea). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 34: 47-55.
- Bhowmick, R.M. (1965) Studies on some aspects of the biology of Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton) with notes on the fishery in the Hooghly estuary. Proc. Indo - Pacific Fish. Coun 11(2): 99-115.
- Bossuyt, F., Meegaskumbura, M., Beenaerts, N., Gover, D.J., Pethiyagoda, R., Roelants, K., Mannaert, A., Wilkinson, M., Bahir, M.M., Mamamendra-Arachchi, K., Ng, P.K.L., Schneider, J., Oommen, O.V., Milinkovitch, M.C (2004) Local endemism within the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot. Science 306: 479-481.
- Chesalin, M.N., G.V. Zuev and T.L. Chesalin (2004) Transparent goby Aphiaminuta (Gobiidae) in the pelagic zone of the Black Sea. Journal of Ichthyology, 44(8): 587-591.
- Das, S.M. and S.K. Moitra (1955) Studies on the food of some common fishes of Uttar Pradesh, India. Part I. Proc. Natn. Acad. Sci., India, 25: 1-6.
- Datta Munshi, J.S., O.N. Singh and D.K. Singh (1990) Food and feeding relation-ship of certain aquatic animals in Ganga ecosystem. Trop. Ecol., 31 (2): 138-144.
- Desai, V.R. (1970). Studies on fishery and biology of Tor tor (Ham.) from river Narmada.1. Food and feeding habits. J. Inland Fish. Soc. India., 2:101-112.
- Dinesh and S.P Roy (2009) Food and Feeding habits of some representative fishes of different trophic guilds of Kharagpur lake with a note on their role in energy harvest. The Ecoscan : 3 (1 & 2).
- Doha, S (1974) Investigation into the biology of the gobi, Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton -Buchanan) Bangladesh J. Zool., 2: 95-106.
- Geevarghese, C (1976) Studies on some aspects of the biology of Glossogobius giuris (Ham.) with a taxonomic note on six gobioid fishes occurring in and around Trivandrum. M.Phil Dissertation, Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, Kerala University, pp: 90.
- Jayaram KC (1999) The freshwater fishes of the Indian region. Narendra Publishing house, New Delhi, 509 pp.
- Islam, M.N. and M.A.R. Joadder (2005) Seasonal variation of the proximate composition of freshwater gobi, G. giuris (Hamilton) from the river Padma Pakistan J. of Biological Sci., 8(4): 532-536.
- Hora, S.L (1935) Ecology and bionomics of the gobioid fishes of Gangetic delta. Comptes Rendus. DN 12 C Congr. Inter National de Zoologie: 841 - 863.
- Hynes, H. B. N (1950) On the food of the freshwater sticklebacks (Gastrosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitius) with a review of the methods used in the study of food fishes. Journal of Animal Ecology: 19,36-58.
- La Mesa, E. Arneri, V. Caputo and M. Lylesias (2005) The transparent goby, Aphiaminuta. Review of Biology and fisheries of a paedomorphic European fish. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 15: 89-109.
- Natarajan, A. V. and Jhingran, A. G. (1962) Index of Preponderance-a method of grading the food elements in the stomach analysis of fishes. Indian Journal of Fisheries 8, 54-59.
- Natarajan, A.V., M. Ramakrishnaiah and M.A. Khan (1975) The food spectrum of trash fishes in relation to major carps in Konar and Tilaiyar reservoirs (Bihar). J. Inland Fish. Soc. India, VII: 65- 75.
- Pillay, T. V. R (1952) A critique of the method of study of food fishes. Journal of the Zoological Society of India, 42: 185-200.
- Pillay, T.V.R (1990) Aquaculture: Principal and practices. Blackwell Science Ltd., UK. pp: 575.2.
- Rao L.M and Rao P.S (2002) Food and feeding habits of Glossogobius giuris from Gosthani estuary. Indian J. Fish. 49 (1): 35-40.
- Shrivastava, N.P. and V.R. Desai (1979) A case of cannibalism observed in Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton) from Rihand reservoir (U.P.) J. Inland Fish. Soc. India, 11 (1): 134 -135.
- Talwar P.K and Jhingran A.G (1991) Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol I & II, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1158 pp.
- Tandon, K.K (1962) Biology of Channa punctatus (Bloch) and Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton). Res. Bull. Punjab Univ., 13 (III - IV): 257 - 262.
|Published in :
||Volume 1 | Issue 4 | July-August - 2015
|Date of Publication
Cite This Article
Roshni K, Renjithkumar C.R, Madhusoodhana Kurup, "Food and Feeding Habits of Glossogobius giuris
in Chalakudy River, Southern Western Ghats, India", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.321-325, July-August-2015.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET151463.php