A flare is a combustion device that uses air or steam to burn associated, unwanted or excess gases and liquids released during production or by pressure relief valves during unplanned over-pressuring of plant equipment in many industrial operations, such as oil-gas extraction, refineries, chemical plants, coal industry and landfills. Several environmental problems caused by gas flaring such as air and noise pollution. In addition, flaring is a significant source of greenhouse gases emissions, contributing about 400 Mt-CO2 emissions worldwide. Reduction of the environmental pollution to prevent the greenhouse gases emissions by reduce or recover the flare gas, there is a pressing need to know the composition, distribution and volume of flares and how it has changed over space and time. This paper provides an overview about the following: gas flaring and its composition, and its relevant environmental impacts. It also describes the flaring measurement techniques in industry by studying: government legislation, flow meter challenges, measurement technologies and flow meter calibration.
Eman A. Emam
Environmental Impacts, Greenhouse Gases Emission, Flare Gas Measurements, Flow Meter Challenges.
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||Volume 2 | Issue 1 | January-Febuary - 2016
|Date of Publication
Cite This Article
Eman A. Emam, "Environmental Pollution and Measurement of Gas Flaring", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.252-262, January-Febuary-2016.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET162154.php