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ACID Mine Drainage : A Case Study of An Indian Coal Mine


Apurva Vyawahre, Srijana Rai
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Water is essential to life on our planet. A prerequisite of sustainable development must be to ensure uncontaminated streams, rivers, lakes and oceans. We often take the presence of clean water for granted, forgetting its importance and assuming that it is always available. Unfortunately, the law and technology to protect this vital resource remains far from perfect. Increasingly, human activities threaten the water sources on which we all depend. Mining is one such activity. In fact, water has been called "mining's most common casualty."
This paper discusses one of the major negative impacts that the mining industry has on water i.e. Acid Mine Drainage (AMD), the chemistry of AMD, its environmental effects and impacts and a brief discussion about various treatment methods. Further a case study from India of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) has been used to describe three of the treatment methods in details and the results of this ETP. Finally concluding with suggestions to improve the existing plant and overall AMD Treatment in Indian Mines.

Apurva Vyawahre, Srijana Rai

Acid Mine Drainage, Coal Mines, Effluent Treatment Plant

  1. The EIA report 2015-16 of Durgapur O/C Mines, Chandrapur Area, Maharashtra, Coal India Ltd.
  2. http://dwb4.unl.edu/Chem/CHEM869R/CHEM869RLinks/emcbc.miningwatch.org/emcbc/library/amd_water.htm
  3. Sangita, G. Udayabhanu and Bably Prasad. 2010. Studies on Environmental Impact of Acid Mine Drainage Generation and its Treatment: An Appraisal. IJEP 30(11): 953-967
  4. R.W Gaikwad, V.S. Sapkal and R.S. Sapkal.2011. Acid Mine Drainage: A Water Pollution Issue in Mining Industry. Int. J. of Adv. Eng. Tech.E-ISSN 0976-3945
  5. D. Barrie Johnson, Kevin B. Hallberg. Acid Mine Drainage Renediation Options: A Review. www.elsevier.com/locate/scitotenv
  6. Christine Costello. 2003. Acid mine Drainage: Innovative Treatment Technologies for U.S Environment Protection Agency.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 2 | March-April - 2016
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2016-05-05 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
1297-1301 IJSRSET1622433   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Apurva Vyawahre, Srijana Rai , "ACID Mine Drainage : A Case Study of An Indian Coal Mine", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.1297-1301, March-April-2016.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1622433.php