Comparative Study of Growth Performance, Food Utilization and Survival of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (BURCHELL, 1822) Fingerlings FED Live MAGGOT (Musca domestica) and COPPENS Commercial Feed

Authors(2) :-Awom Iroamachi Emeka, Eyo Victor Oscar

A 70-day feeding experiment  was conducted to determine the effect of live maggot and Coppens feed on the growth, food utilization and survival of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus).Triplicate group of fish with a mean initial wet weight of 100.50 ± 2.03 g and length of 9.09 ± 0.11 cm were stocked in six glass aquaria (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2 and B3) measuring 96 cm x 50 cm x29 cm. Fish in A1, A2 and A3 were fed live maggot and B1, B2 and B3 were fed Coppens feed at 5% of their body weight. Growth performance of fish fed Coppens feed evaluated using weight gain (g), length gain (cm), growth rate, specific growth rate, mean growth rate, percentage weight gain and survival varied significantly form fish fed live maggot. Fish fed Coppens feed consumed significantly (P<0.05) more food (1266.77 ± 29.24 g) than fish fed live maggot (784.70± 16.97 g). Food conversion ratio and food conversion efficiency of fish fed Coppens feed (1.56 ± 0.02 and 64.03 ± 0.69 %) was significantly better (P<0.05) than fish fed live maggot (1.66 ± 0.03 and 60.30 ± 0.96%). Proximate analysis of the dry matter (mg/100 g) of maggot meal contained 82.25 ± 0.12 moisture content, 44.56 ± 0.02 crude protein, 5.48 ± 0.05 crude fibre, 24.00± 0.05 mean fat and 5.00 ± 0.05 while Coppens feed contained 9.00 ± 0.05 moisture content, 42.50 ± 0.42 crude protein, 4.00 ± 0.20 crude fibre, 12.50± 0.05 mean fat and 9.40 ± 0.06. Percentage survival was higher (96.67 ± 5.80 %) in C. gariepinus fed Coppens feed than C. gariepinus fed live maggot (93.33 ± 5.80). Water quality parameters including water temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen were within the acceptable range for optimal fish growth and health. The implication of this results is that live maggot is incapable of providing C. gariepinus with all the nutrients required for optimal growth. It is therefore concluded that live maggot can be fed as a supplementary food and not as a complete ration or it can be further processed to maggot meal and used as supplementary protein source to replace or reduce the inclusion of fishmeal which is the most costly feed ingredient in fish feed.

Authors and Affiliations

Awom Iroamachi Emeka
Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, P.M.B. 7267 Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
Eyo Victor Oscar
Fisheries and Aquaculture Unit, Institute of Oceanography, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115 Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Clarias gariepinus, Live maggot, Supplementary protein, Coppens feed, Growth performance, food utilization

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 2 | March-April 2016
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 379-386
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET162283
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Awom Iroamachi Emeka, Eyo Victor Oscar, " Comparative Study of Growth Performance, Food Utilization and Survival of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (BURCHELL, 1822) Fingerlings FED Live MAGGOT (Musca domestica) and COPPENS Commercial Feed , International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.379-386, March-April-2016.
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