IJSRSET calls volunteers interested to contribute towards the scientific development in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology

Home > IJSRSET1624107                                                     


A Survey on STATCOM Techniques

Authors(2):

Prof. Ashish Choubey, Gunshekhar Singh
  • Abstract
  • Authors
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Details
The Static Var Compensator (SVC) and the Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), as two components of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices, play an important role in controlling the reactive power flow to the power network. Because of economic considerations, identifying the best location for installing the SVC and STATCOM is also important. The FACTS devices placement problem is commonly solved using heuristic optimization techniques which are diverse and have been the subject of ongoing enhancements. This paper presents a survey of the literature from the last decade that has focused on the various heuristic optimization techniques applied to determine optimal placement and sizing of the SVC and STATCOM.

Prof. Ashish Choubey, Gunshekhar Singh

Static Var Compensator (SVC), Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), Heuristic Optimization, Placement, Sizing.

  1. Saravanan M.,Slochanal S.M.R.,Venkatesh P.,Abraham J.P.S., Application of particle swarm optimization technique for optimal location of FACTS devices considering cost of installation and system loadability, Electric Power System Research,77 (2007),276–283
  2. Hingorani N.G., High Power Electronics and Flexible AC Transmission System, IEEE Power Engineering Review ,7 (1988),3-4
  3. Galiana G.D. , Assessment and Control of the Impact of FACTS devices on Power System Performance, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 11 (1996), No. 4,1931-1936
  4. Sirjani R., Mohamed A., Shareef H., Optimal placement and sizing of Static Var Compensators in power systems using Improved Harmony Search Algorithm, PRZEGL?D ELEKTROTECHNICZNY,87 (2011),No. 7 ,214-218
  5. Azadani E.N. , Hosseinian S.H. , Janati M. , Hasanpor P.,Optimal Placement of Multiple STATCOM, 12th International Middle-East Power System Conference,(2008),523-528
  6. Zhang, W., Li F. , Tolbert L. M. , Optimal Allocation of Shunt Dynamic Var Source SVC and STATCOM: A Survey, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, (2006),1-6
  7. Saranjeet K., Evolutionary Algorithm Assisted Optimal Placement of FACTS Controllers in Power system, Master Thesis, Thapar University,(2009)
  8. Gyugyi, M.L.,Shauder C.D.,SenK.K.,Static Synchronous Series Compensator A solid state Approach to the series compensation of transmission line, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,12(1997),No. 3,406-417
  9. Thukaram D.,Lomi A., Selection of static VAR compensator location and size for system voltage stability improvement, Electr Power Syst Res,54(2000):139–150
  10. Mithulananthan N.,Cañizares C.A.,Reeve J.,Comparison of PSS, SVC and STATCOM controllers for damping power system oscillation, IEEE Trans Power Syst, 18 (2003),786–792
  11. Sode-Yome A.,Mithulananthan N.,Comparison of shunt capacitor, SVC and STATCOM in static voltage stability margin enhancement.Int J Elec Eng Educ , 41(2004),No. 2,158–171
  12. Khajehzadeh M., Taha M.R.,El-Shafie A. ,Eslami M., A Survey on Meta-Heuristic Global Optimization Algorithms, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology,3 (2011), No. 6,569-578
  13. Rechenberg I., Cybernetic solution path of an experimental problem, Royal Aircraft Establishment, brary Translation ,(1965),1122
  14. Holland J., An introduction with application to biology, control and artificial intelligence Adaptation in Natural and Artificial System. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, (1975).
  15. Holland J.H., Adaptation in natural and artificial systems. The University of Michigan Press,AnnArbor, Michigan, (1975)
  16. Kirkpatrick S.,Gelatt C.D.,Vecchi M.P., Optimization by simulated annealing,Science,220 (1983),No. 4598,671-680
  17. Farmer J.D., Packard N.H. ,Perelson A.S. , The immune system, adaptation, and machine learning. Physica D., 22(1986),No. 1-3, 187-204
  18. Dorigo M. , Maniezzo V. , Optimization, Learning and Natural Algorithms. Ph.D. Thesis,Politecnico di Milano, Italy,(1992)
  19. Kennedy J. , Eberhart R. , Particle swarm optimization. IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks Perth, Australia, (1995) ,1942-1948
  20. Geem Z.W., Kim J.H., Loganathan G. ,A new heuristic optimization algorithm: Harmony search, Simulation, 76 (2001), No.2, 136-701
  21. Nakrani S. , Tovey C. , On honey bees and dynamic server allocation in internet hosting centers.Adapt. Behav., 12(2004), No. 3-4, 223
  22. Rezaee-Jordehi A. ,Joorabian M. , Optimal Placement of Multi- Type FACTS Devices in Power Systems Using Evolution Strategies,The 5th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference,(2011),352-357
  23. Mendes J.C.,Saavedra O.R.,Pessanha J.O., Power system restoration restoration with priority loads using an evolutionary strategy, Proceedings of 34th North American Power Symposium, Arizona,(2002),254-260
  24. Santiago M., Maldonado R., Optimal Placement of FACTS Controllers in Power systems via Evolutionary Strategies, Proceedings of IEEE international conference on Transmission and Distribution Evolutionary Computation,(2006),1-6
  25. Dominguez-Navarro J.A.,Bernal-Agustin J.L., Diaz A.,Requena D.,Vargas E.P., Optimal parameters of FACTS devices in electric power systems applying evolutionary strategies,Electrical Power and Energy Systems,29 (2007),83– 90
  26. Talebi M.A.,Kazemi A.,Gholami A.,Rajabi M.,Ootimal Placement of Static Var Compensators in Distribution Feeders For Load Balancing By Genetic Algorithm, 18th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution,(2005),1-6
  27. Zhang Y.,Milanovic J.V.,Voltage Sag Cost Reduction With Optimally Placed FACTS Devices, 9th Internatinal Conference on Electrical Power,Quality and Utilisation, (2007),1-6
  28. Farsangi M.M., Nezamabadi-pour H., Song Y.H., Lee K.Y.,Placement of SVCs and Selection of Stabilizing Signals in Power Systems,IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS,22 (2007), NO.3 ,1061-1071
  29. Baghaee H.R., Jannati M., Vahidi B.,Hosseinian S.H.,Rastegar H., Improvement of Voltage Stability and Reduce Power System Losses by Optimal GA-based Allocation of Multi-type FACTS Devices. 11th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment,(2008),209- 214
  30. Huang J.S. ,Negnevitsky M. , A Messy Genetic Algorithm Based Optimization Scheme for SVC Placement of Power Systems under Critical Operation Contingence, International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering,(2008),467-472
  31. Pisica,I., Bulac C.,Toma L. , Eremia M., Optimal SVC Placement in Electric Power Systems Using a Genetic Algorithms Based Method , IEEE Bucharest Power Tech Conference (2009),1-6
  32. Sundareswaran K.,Bharathram P.,Siddharth M.,Vaishnavi G.,Shrivastava N.A.,Sarma H.,Voltage Profile enhancement through optimal placement of FACTS devices using Queen- Bee-Assisted GA,Third International Conference on Power Systems,(2009),1-5
  33. Belazzoug M., Boudour M., FACTS Placement Multiobjective Optimization For Reactive Power System Compensation, International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals and Devices,(2010),1-6
  34. Berizzi A., Bovo C. , Ilea V., Optimal placement of FACTS to mitigate congestions and inter-area oscillations,IEEE Trondheim PowerTech, 2011,1-8
  35. Tavakoli Bina M.,Rezaei Siahbidi J.,Kanzi K.,Application of Averaging Technique to the Power System Optimum Placement and Sizing of Static Compensators, The 7th International Power Engineering Conference,(2005),1-6
  36. Samimi A.,Golkar M.A. , A Novel Method for Optimal Placement of STATCOM in Distribution Networks Using Sensitivity Analysis by DIgSILENT Software, Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference ,(2011),1-5
  37. Gitizadeh M.,Kalantar M., A New Approach for Congestion Management via Optimal Location of FACTS Devices in Deregulated Power Systems, Third International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies,(2008),1592-1597
  38. Chang C.S.,Huang J.S., Optimal SVC placement for voltage stability reinforcement, Electric Power Systems Research, 42 (1997),165 172
  39. Pirayesh,A.,Parastar A., Nikoukar J.,Optimal location of FACTS devices in a power system using modified particle swarm optimization, 42nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference,(2007),1122-1128
  40. Benabida R.,Boudourb M. , Abido M.A., Optimal location and setting of SVC and TCSC devices using non-dominated sorting particle swarm optimization, Electric Power Systems Research ,79 (2009),1668–1677
  41. Laifa A. , Boudour M., Optimal Location of SVC for Voltage Security Enhancement using MOPSO, Journal of electrical systems ,(2009),Special Issue(1) , 73-78
  42. Eghbal M., Yorino N.,Zoka Y. ,Comparative Study on the Application of Modern Heuristic Techniques to SVC Placement Problem,JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS,4(2009), No. 6,535-541
  43. Jumaat S.A., Musirin I.,Othman M.M. ,Mokhlis H., PSO Based Technique for Loss Minimization Considering Voltage Profile and Cost Function ,The 5th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference,(2011),36-41
  44. Tibin J. ,Sini X. ,Chitra S. , Cherian V.I. , Sreedharan S., PSO Based Optimal Placement and Setting of FACTS Devicesfor Improving the Performance of Power Distribution System , Bonfring International Journal of Power Systems and Integrated Circuits, (2011), Special Issue (1),60-64
  45. Rao K.S. , Kalyan Kumar B., Placement Of Svc For Minimizing Losses And Maximizing Total Transfer Capability Using Particle
  46. Panda S. and Padhy N.P., Optimal location and controller design of STATCOM for power system stability improvement using PSO, Journal of the Franklin Institute ,345,(2008),166– 181
  47. Del Valle Y.,Venayagamoorthy G.K. ,Harley R.G., Comparison of Enhanced-PSO and Classical Optimization Methods: a case study for STATCOM placement, Proceedings of the IEEE 15th International Conference on Intelligent System Applications to Power Systems,(2009),1-7
  48. Varshney S.,Srivastava L.,Pandit M. , Comparison of PSO Models for Optimal Placement and Sizing of Statcom,Second International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Intelligent System,(2011),346-351
  49. Lee K., Geem Z.,A new meta-heuristic algorithm for continuous engineering optimization: harmony search theory and practice, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering,194 (2005),3902-3933
  50. Kazemi A.,Parizad A.,Baghaee H.R., On The Use Of Harmony Search Algorithm In Optimal Placement Of Facts Devices To Improve Power System Security, Proceeding of EUROCON '09 ,(2009),570-576
  51. Parizad A.,Kalantar M.,Khazali A.,Application of HSA and GA in Optimal Placement of FACTS Devices Considering Voltage Stability and Losses, International Conference on Electric Power and Energy Conversion Systems, (2009), 1-7
  52. Baskarana J. , Palanisamy V., Optimal location of FACTS devices in a power system solved by a hybrid approach, Nonlinear Analysis , 65 (2006) ,2094–2102
  53. Mohammadi A.,Jazaeri M., A Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization-Genetic Algorithm For Optimal Location Of Svc Devices In Power System Planning,42nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference , 2007,1175 - 1181 57Majumdar S.,Chakraborty A.K. ,Chattopadhyay P.K., Active Power Loss Minimization With FACTS Devices Using SA/PSO Techniques, Third International Conference on Power Systems,(2009),1-5
  54. Khandani F.,Soleymani S.,Mozafari B., Optimal Allocation of SVC to Enhance Total Transfer Capability Using Hybrid Genetics Algorithm and Sequential Quadratic Programming, The 8th Electrical Engineering/ Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI), 2011,861-864
  55. Sirjani R.,Mohamed A. , Shareef H., A Hybrid BCO/HS Algorithm for Optimal Placement and Sizing of Static Var Compensators in Power Systems,11th WSEAS/IASME International Conference on Electric Power Systems, High Voltages, Electric Machines (POWER `11),(2011),54-59
  56. Ishak S., Abidin A.F. ,RahinanStatic T.K.A., Var Compensator Planning Using Artificial Immune System For LOSS Minimisation And Voltage Improvement, National Power & Energy Conference (PECon) 2004 Proceedings,(2004),41-45
  57. Alabduljabbar A.A , Milanovi J.V. , Generation Costs Reduction Through Optimal Allocation of FACTS Devices Using Low Discrepancy Sequences, Power Systems Conference and Exposition,(2006),946-951
  58. Wu,Q.H.,Lu Z.,Li M.S.,Ji T.Y.,Optimal Placement of FACTS Devices by A Group Search Optimizer with Multiple Producer, Evolutionary Computation, IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence,(2008),1033-1039
  59. Minguez R.,Milano F.,Zarate-MinanoR.,ConejoA.J., Optimal Network Placement of SVC Devices, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 22(2007), No. 4,1851-1860 Swarm Optimization,IET Conference Publications,(2011),1-5
  60. Sreedharan S.,Ongsakul W.,Singh J.G.,Buayai K. , Wartana I.M., PSO Based Tuningof FACTS Controllers for Maximizing the Wind Energy Penetration in Power Systems, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies,(2011),287-293
  61. Del Valle Y.,Hernandez J.C., Venayagamoorthy G.K. ,Harley R.G., Optimal STATCOM Sizing and Placement Using Particle Swarm Optimization, Proceedings of the IEEE Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition Latin America,(2006),1-6
  62. Hernandez J.C.,del Valle Y. ,Venayagamoorthy G.K., R.G. Harley , Optimal Allocation of a STATCOM in a 45 Bus Section of the Brazilian Power System using Particle Swarm Optimization, Proceedings of the IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium,(2006),69-75

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 4 | July-August - 2016
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2016-08-30 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
452-463 IJSRSET1624107   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Prof. Ashish Choubey, Gunshekhar Singh, "A Survey on STATCOM Techniques", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp.452-463, July-August-2016.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1624107.php