IJSRSET calls volunteers interested to contribute towards the scientific development in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology

Home > IJSRSET162497                                                     

Effects of Climate Change on Social Infrastructure in a Developing Nation: The Nigeria Perspective


Edo Oga Ojoko, Halimat Omuya Abubakar, Adams Ndalai Baba, Oga Ojoko
  • Abstract
  • Authors
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Details
The World over, a nation’s state of infrastructure remains a major indicator of its developmental status; developed or less developed. Physical developmental processes are considered as inducing climate change, which in turn adversely exposes humanity to significant risk. In this study, the influence of climate change on social infrastructure and socioeconomic growth in a less developed country, like Nigeria, was examined. Nigeria currently is the fastest urbanizing, most populous and largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Infrastructural developments in Nigeria since independence in 1960, till date, are based on low energy efficient technologies. Empirical observations signpost a nexus between climate change and social infrastructure and its impacts on socioeconomic growth and development. Consequently, based on the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda, this paper examines the link between climate change and infrastructural development. Furthermore, the study presents practical strategies required to mitigate the potential impacts of climate change on current and future infrastructural developments. The solutions proffered in the paper are anchored on Development, Adaptation and Mitigation (DAM) approach and Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP). The findings demonstrated that climate change not only affects social infrastructural development but also the socio-economic growth and sustainable development especially in Less Developing Countries (LDCs) like Nigeria. The mitigation and abatement strategy recommended to reduce GHG’s emissions is a substantial investment in research and development (R&D) of sustainable materials and alternative technologies like construction materials, solar, wind and hydropower. This is with a view to increasing the life cycle of both the existing and new infrastructure through effective planning, design, construction and maintenance.

Edo Oga Ojoko, Halimat Omuya Abubakar, Adams Ndalai Baba, Oga Ojoko

Climate Change, Social Infrastructure, Developing Nation, Nigeria

  1. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2016, 02 March). A new sustainable development agenda. Available: http://bit.ly/1Oj6TBV
  2. A. Sen, "The ends and means of development," Development as freedom, vol. 1, pp. 35-53, 1999.
  3. M. U. Haq, "Reflections on human development " Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)1994.
  4. UNDP. (2015). Human Development Reports Work for Human Development (HDP, 2015). Available: www.hdr.undp.org/en/2015-report
  5. EPI. (2010). What is a Developing Country? . Available: http://bit.ly/1RHJYlH
  6. A. N. Baba, M. I. Achoba, and E. O. Ojoko, "Sustainable Land Use and Forest Management for Socioeconomic Growth and Development in Nigeria," International Journal of Scientific Research in
  7. Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, pp. 572-577, 2016.
  8. A. S. Barau, R. Maconachie, A. Ludin, and A. Abdulhamid, "Urban morphology dynamics and environmental change in Kano, Nigeria," Land Use Policy, vol. 42, pp. 307-317, 2015.
  9. Y. A. Dodo, R. Nafida, A. Zakari, A. S. Elnafaty, B. B. Nyakuma, and F. M. Bashir, "Attaining Points for Certification of Green Building through Choice of Paint," Chemical Engineering Transactions, vol. 45, pp. 1879-1884, 2015.
  10. United Nations (UN). (2016, 14.02.2016). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Available: http://bit.ly/1IqICxS
  11. W. N. Adger, S. Huq, K. Brown, D. Conway, and M. Hulme, "Adaptation to climate change in the developing world," Progress in development studies, vol. 3, pp. 179-195, 2003.
  12. S. Huq, H. Reid, M. Konate, A. Rahman, Y. Sokona, and F. Crick, "Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change in least developed countries (LDCs)," Climate Policy, vol. 4, pp. 25-43, 2004.
  13. R. Cervigni, J. A. Rogers, and M. Henrion, Low-Carbon Development: Opportunities for Nigeria: World Bank Publications, 2013.
  14. J. Hansen, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K. Lo, "Global surface temperature change," Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 48, 2010.
  15. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). (2016). Global Rise in CO2 emissions from 2005 and 2016. Available: http://climate.nasa.gov/vital-signs/carbon-dioxide/
  16. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2016, 02.03). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Available: http://bit.ly/202GssO
  17. A. Binagwaho and J. D. Sachs, "Investing in development: a practical plan to achieve the Millennium Development Goals," Earthscan; Millennium Project2005.
  18. S. Adams, "Foreign direct investment, domestic investment, and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, vol. 31, pp. 939-949, 2009.
  19. United Nations, "Millennium Development Goals Report," United Nations, New York, USA2015.
  20. S. Bougheas, P. O. Demetriades, and E. L. Morgenroth, "Infrastructure, transport costs and trade," Journal of International Economics, vol. 47, pp. 169-189, 1999.
  21. African Development Bank (ADB), " Acting on Climate Change for Sustainable Development in Africa, in Seventh African Development Forum: Climate Change and Infrastructure Development, ," African Development Bank (ADB)2010. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), "What is human development?," 2015.
  22. P. S. Chinowsky, A. E. Schweikert, N. L. Strzepek, K. R. Strzepek, and K. P. Kwiatkowski, "Infrastructure and climate change: Impacts and adaptations for South Africa," WIDER Working Paper 9292305719, 2012.
  23. Y. A. Dodo, M. Zin Kandar, D. Remaz Ossen, J. D. Jibril, A. Haladu Bornoma, and A. Ibrahim Abubakar, "Importance of a View Window in Rating Green Office Buildings," in Advanced Materials Research, 2013, pp. 180-183.\
  24. A. S. Isa, Y. A. Dodo, H. Ojobo, and I. A. Alkali, "Deployment Of Smart Technologies For Improving Energy Efficiency In Office Buildings In Nigeria," Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 3, 2016.
  25. Y. A. Dodo, M. H. Ahmad, M. Dodo, F. M. Bashir, and S. A. Shika, "Lessons from Sukur Vernacular Architecture: A Building Material Perspective," in Advanced Materials Research, 2014, pp. 207-210.
  26. A. Y. Muhammad, M. G. Abdullahi, and N. Y. Mohammed, "Critical Factors Affecting The Development And Diffusion Of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETS) In Nigeria," Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 2, pp. 2260-2263, 2015.
  27. T. G. Nijland, O. C. Adan, R. P. van Hees, and B. D. van Etten, "Evaluation of the effects of expected climate change on the durability of building materials with suggestions for adaptation," Heron, vol. 54, pp. 37-48, 2009.
  28. A. Kawuwa, A. Sani, S. Mustapha, and D. Ishaku, "Development of Strategies for Sustainable Energy Efficient Building Codes in Nigeria," International Journal of Scinetific and Research Publications, vol. 5, pp. 1-7, 2015.
  29. A. Olotuah, "Recourse to earth for low-cost housing in Nigeria," Building and Environment, vol. 37, pp. 123-129, 2002.
  30. Y. A. Dodo, M. Z. Kandar, M. Hamid, R. T. Ahar, and H. I. Ojobo, "Creating awareness on harnessing the potentials of wood as a sustainable construction material in Nigeria," in 4th International Symposium of Indonesian Wood Research Society Makassar, Indonesia., 2012.
  31. Y. Arayici, "Towards building information modelling for existing structures," Structural Survey, vol. 26, pp. 210-222, 2008.
  32. B. V. Reddy and K. Jagadish, "Embodied energy of common and alternative building materials and technologies," Energy and Buildings, vol. 35, pp. 129-137, 2003.
  33. L. Roma, "Climate variability, environment change and food security nexus in Nigeria," Journal of Human Ecology, vol. 26, pp. 107-121, 2009.
  34. S. H. Wail, A. M. Yusof, S. Ismail, and C. A. Ng, "Exploring Success Factors of Social Infrastructure Projects in Malaysia," International Journal of Engineering Business Management, vol. 5, pp. 1-9, 2013.
  35. E. O. Ojoko, M. H. Osman, A. B. Rahman, W. S. Omar, and O. Ojoko., "Critical Success Factors of Industrialized Building System Implementation in Nigerian Mass Housing Projects, ," in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Science, Engineering and Social Sciences, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 2016, pp. 254-255.
  36. E. O. Ojoko, H. O. Abubakar, O. Ojoko, and E. O. Ikpe, "Sustainable Housing Development In Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges," Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 3, pp. 4851-4860, 2016.
  37. World Bank Group (WBG). (2016, 30th June, 2016). Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) Available: http://bit.ly/2974nrD

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 4 | July-August - 2016
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2016-08-30 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
494-501 IJSRSET162497   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Edo Oga Ojoko, Halimat Omuya Abubakar, Adams Ndalai Baba, Oga Ojoko, "Effects of Climate Change on Social Infrastructure in a Developing Nation: The Nigeria Perspective", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp.494-501, July-August-2016.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET162497.php




National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2017(NCAME 2017)

National Conference on Emerging Trends in Civil Engineering 2017( NCETCE 2017)