Effect of Cryogenic Treatment of Cutting Tool on Surface Roughness in Machining of Stainless Steel (304 H)

Authors(3) :-Tejinderpal Singh, Gurdev Singh, Amandeep Singh

The increasing importance of machining operations is gaining new dimensions in the present industrial age, all the efforts to be directed towards the economical and quantitatively acceptable manufacture of machined parts. Surface finish is one of the most crucial quality measures in manufacturing products. Customers now have increasingly high demands on quality, making surface roughness one of the most competitive dimensions in today’s manufacturing industry. Stainless Steel (304H) is extensively used material for engineering components. Tungsten carbide tool is common tool used for machining operation of Stainless Steel (304H). Present work is a study of the surface roughness of work specimen during turning operation. The machining is performed with deep & shallow cryogenically treated and untreated tool bits used in turning process. In present work full factorial experimentation approach is applied to study the impact of machining parameters on the surface roughness of turned workpieces using cryogenically treated and untreated tool. The study presents a comparison between the machining performances of deep, shallow cryogenically treated and untreated tool bits with a methodology to achieve optimum selection of machining parameters and bit nose radius for CNC turning operations and describe the interrelationships between machining parameters and surface roughness during operation. The results indicate the treatment done cryogenically on the material improves the hardness of the material. In this work, a comparison has been done for the machining performance of deep & shallow cryogenically treated, and untreated tool bits.

Authors and Affiliations

Tejinderpal Singh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IET Bhaddal, Ropar, Punjab, India
Gurdev Singh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IET Bhaddal, Ropar, Punjab, India
Amandeep Singh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IET Bhaddal, Ropar, Punjab, India

Cryogenic, stainless steel, CNC Turning Operation

  1. Aggarwal A., Singh H., Singh M. and Kumar P. 2008 “Optimizing power consumption for CNC turned parts using response surface methodology and Taguchi technique. A comparative analysis”, Journal of Material Processing Technology, Volume 200, pp 373-384.
  2. Amini K., Natesh S. and Shafyei A., 2010 “Influence of different Cryo treatments on Tribological behavior of 80CrMo12.5 cold work tool steel”, Materials & Design, Volume 31(10), pp 4666–4675.
  3. Babu P.S, Rajendran P. and Rao K.N. 2005 “Cryogenic treatment of M1, EN19 and H13 tool steels to improve wear resistance”, IE(I) Journal-MM, Volume. 86, pp 64-66 ,
  4. Bensely A., Venkatesh S., Lal D.M., Nagarajan G. Rajadurai A. and Junik K. 2008 “Effect of cryogenic treatment on distribution of residual stress in case carburized En 353 steel”, Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 479, pp 229-235,.
  5. Degarmo P. 2003 “Materials and Process of Manufacturing”, Prentice Hall of India.
  6. Dhar N.R., Islam S., Kamruzzaman Md and Paul S. 2006, “Wear behavior of uncoated carbide inserts under dry, wet and cryogenic cooling conditions in turning C-60 steel”, Journal of the Brazilian society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, Volume 28, pp 146-152.
  7. Encarta, 2005 Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, ISBN No. 99994-533-075-367.
  8. Gill S. S. and Singh H, 2009. “Wear behavior of cryogenically treated tungsten carbide inserts under dry and wet turning conditions”, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Volume 9, pp 256-260,
  9. Kalpakjian 2002 “Manufacturing Engineering and Technology”, Pearson Education Ltd.
  10. Mohan L.D., Renganarayanan S. and Kalanidhi A. 2001 “Cryogenic treatment to augment wear resistance of tool and die steels”. International Journal on Cryogenics, Volume 41, pp 149-155,
  11. Montgomery D.C., 2009, “Design and Analysis of Experiments”, John Wiley.
  12. Nalbant M. and Yildiz Y. 2011 “Effect of cryogenic cooling in milling process of AISI 304H stainless steel”, Journal of Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Volume 21, pp 72-79,.
  13. Ramji B.R., Krishna M. and Murthy H.N. 2010 “Performance study of cryo-treated HSS drills in drilling cast iron”. International J. of Engineering Science and Technology, Volume 2(7), pp 2530-2536,
  14. Ramji B.R., Krishna M., and Murthy Narasimha H .N. 2010 “Analysis of Roughness and Flank Wear in Turning Gray Cast Iron Using Cryogenically Treated Cutting Tools”, Journal Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology Volume 2(5), pp 414-417.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 6 | November-December 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-12-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 254-262
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET162564
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Tejinderpal Singh, Gurdev Singh, Amandeep Singh, " Effect of Cryogenic Treatment of Cutting Tool on Surface Roughness in Machining of Stainless Steel (304 H), International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp.254-262 , November-December-2016.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET162564

Article Preview