Modelling the Factors Influencing Kerosene Consumption for Lighting among Rural Households in Tanzania

Authors(1) :-Patrick N. Malakasuka

This study was designed to identify the key variables influencing kerosene consumption by households in Tanzania. A total of 400 households were randomly selected from Mbeya region focusing on rural areas. Data analysis was done through the use of binary logistic regression model in assessing the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variables. It was found that majority of household in the study area used kerosene for lighting. Kerosene consumption consisted 40.2 per cent of households while 23.8 percent used torch, 23.2 per cent used electricity, 11.5 per cent used solar, 0.8 per cent used candle and 0.5 per cent used generator for getting light. The study indicated that the most significant determinants of kerosene consumption in the area are price of kerosene, distance to kerosene and distance to electricity source. Regarding high consumption of kerosene in the study area, Ministry of Energy need to recheck and refine friendly policy that will promote the use of more efficient and modern sources of energy with good quality light.

Authors and Affiliations

Patrick N. Malakasuka
Department of Biometry and Mathematics, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.BOX 3038 Morogoro, Tanzania

Binary Logistic Regression; Energy; Kerosene; Lighting; Mbeya District Council.

  1. AFREA (2012). Lighting Africa, A case of Tanzania. An Innovation of International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group and Program update Paris, November 27, 2012. Available at
  2. Ahmed, H. (2013). Energy need assessment and preferential choice survey of rural people in Bangladesh, Master of Science Thesis KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management. Energy Technology EGI-2013-030MSCDivision of Energy and Climate studies SE-100 44 STOCKHOLM.
  3. Annemarth, E. M. (2013). Diffusion of Solar PV from a TIS Perspective & its Transnational Factors, A case study of Tanzania, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences VU University Amsterdam.
  4. Fidelis, O. O., Uchechukwu, M. O. and Gabriel, A. A. (2014). Household Energy Use and Determinants: Evidence from Nigeria. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy Vol. 4, No. 2, 2014, pp.248-262 ISSN: 2146-4553
  5. Habtamu, T. (2012). Determinants of demand for Kerosene in Ethiopia. Association of African Thesis and Dissertations. URI:
  6. Janosch, O., Stover, J., Lay, J. and Jacobson, A. (2012). Household Lighting Fuel Costs in Kenya, Lighting Africa, An Innovation of International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group, Catylising market for modern lighting, Market intelligent note issue 2 December 2012.
  7. LRLPT (2010). Gold Standard Passport, Premium Quality Carbon Credits. Local Stakeholder Consultation Report of the ??D. Light Rural Lighting Project Tanzania??Msasani Peninsula, Dar es Salaam. Tanzania.
  8. Mkiramweni, L. L. N. (2012). The Impact of Biogas Conversion Technology for Economic Development: A Case Study in Kilimanjaro Region, Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology.
  9. Nicholas, L. L., Smith, K. R., Gauthier, A. and Bates, M. N. (2013). Kerosene: A review of household uses and their hazards in low- and middle-income countries. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B: Critical Reviews, 2013.15(6): 396-432.
  10. REPOA (2011). Affordability and expenditure patterns for electricity and kerosene urban households in Tanzania. Research Report 11/2, Dar es Salaam. ISBN:
  11. Roger, F. and Peter, J. G. P. (2011). The Long Run Demand for Lighting: Elasticities and Rebound Effects in Different Phases of Economic Development. Basque centre for climate change, Klima Aldaketa Ikergai. BC3 Working Paper Series. http:/Ideas
  12. Tedsen, E. (2013). Black Carbon Emissions from Kerosene Lamps Potential for a new CCAC Initiative, Ecologic Institute, Berlin

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 6 | November-December 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 697-702
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1626110
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Patrick N. Malakasuka , " Modelling the Factors Influencing Kerosene Consumption for Lighting among Rural Households in Tanzania, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp.697-702, November-December-2016.
Journal URL :

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us