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An Experimental Investigation on Properties of Highstrength Fiber Reinforced Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement Withsilica Fume and Fly Ash

Authors(2):

G. Nagaraju, Dr. K. Jayachandra
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The cost of construction materials is currently so high that only governments, corporate organizations and wealthy individuals can afford to do meaningful constructions. Unfortunately, production of cement involves emission of large amount of carbon-dioxide gas into the atmosphere, a major contributor for green house effect and global warming, hence it is inevitable either to search for another material or partly replace it by some other material. The search for any such material, which can be used as an alternative or as a supplementary for cement should lead to global sustainable development and lowest possible environmental impact. The use of supplementary cementitious materials or mineral admixtures such as silica fume as fly ash in concrete fits very well with sustainable development. The volume of silica fume and fly ash in concrete mixtures contain lower quantities of cement.

With the passage of time to meet the demand, there was a continual search in human being for the development of high strength and durable concrete. The history of high strength concrete (HSC) is about 35 years old, in late 1960s the invention of water reducing admixtures lead to the high strength precast products and structural elements in beam were cast in situ using high strength concrete (HSC).  After the technology has come to age and concrete of the order of M60 to M120 are commonly used. Concrete of the order of M200 and above are a possibility in the laboratory conditions. In the 1950s 34 N⁄mm2 was considered high strength concrete, and in the 1960s compressive strengths of up to 52 N⁄mm2 were being used commercially. More recently, compressive strengths approaching 138N⁄mm2 have been used in cast-in-place buildings. The dawn of pre-stressed concrete technology has given incentive for making concrete of high strength. In India high strength concrete is used in pre-stressed concrete bridges of strength from 35N⁄mm2 to 45N⁄mm2. Presently Concrete strength of 75 N⁄mm2 is being used for the first time in one of the flyover at Mumbai. Also in construction of containment dome at Kaiga power project used High Strength Concrete (HSC) of 60MPa with silica fume as one of the constituent.

The utilization of fine Pozzolanic materials in high-strength concrete (HSC) like silica fume and fly ash leads to reduction in size of the crystalline compounds, particularly, calcium hydroxide.  Consequently, there is a reduction of the thickness of the interfacial transition zone in high-strength concrete. Applications of mineral admixtures such as silica fume (SF), fly ash (FA) in concrete are effective and easy to future increase in the strength and make durable for high strength concrete.

In the present study, the different admixtures were used to study their individual and combined effects on the resistance of concrete in addition to their effects on workability, durability and compressive strength by the replacement of admixtures by 10%, 15% of silica fume &10%, 20% and 30% of fly ash by the weight of cement with a constant amount of 0.5% steel hook fibers are added by volume of concrete, throughout the study.

G. Nagaraju, Dr. K. Jayachandra

Global warming, Mineral admixtures, Silica fume, Fly ash, Compressive strengths , Pre-stressed concrete , Pozzolanic materials, Calcium hydroxide, Workability, Fibers.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 6 | November-December - 2016
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2016-12-30 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
200-203 IJSRSET162663   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

G. Nagaraju, Dr. K. Jayachandra, "An Experimental Investigation on Properties of Highstrength Fiber Reinforced Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement Withsilica Fume and Fly Ash", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp.200-203, November-December-2016.
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