Direct Displacement Based Design of RC Beams and Columns

Authors(2) :-Amal Burahni, Jisha P

Structural displacement is now recognized as a key parameter for structural and non-structural damage to a building during earthquake. The direct displacement based design (DDBD) which considers displacement as the primary design input promises to be a more rational design philosophy than conventional force based design (FBD) procedures. The DDBD is a non-iterative approach that aims to design buildings which would achieve a predefined performance level under the design seismic action. World over the DDBD has attracted considerable research into its implementation, practical advantages and shortcomings. However, in the Indian scenario, research in the field of DDBD is still in a nascent stage of development. In this paper, the direct displacement based design was applied for design of typical RC moment resisting frames of 4, 8 and 12-storey located in seismic zone III and compared with FBD in accordance with the Indian seismic code. The performance of the two methods were assessed by nonlinear time history analysis using seven spectrum compatible ground motions and it was found that frames designed using both the methods satisfied the desired performance levels. The direct displacement based design provides a complete design procedure and gives economical designs for low to medium rise frames; but for taller structures in lower seismic zones, the DDBD results were conservative.

Authors and Affiliations

Amal Burahni
P G student, Department of Civil Engineering, AWH Engineering College Calicut, APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala, India
Jisha P
Assistant professor, Department of Civil Engineering, AWH Engineering College Calicut, APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala, India

Force Based Design (FBD), Direct Displacement Based Design (DDBD), Base Shear, RCC Frame, SAP 2000.

  1. Freeman, S.A (2011)., “ The capacity spectrum method as a tool for seismic design”, Proceedings of 11thEuropean conference on earthquake engineering, Paris, France.
  2. Giji (2012) “Review of displacement –based seismic design methods of reinforced concrete regular frames”, Journal Of Structural Engineering, Vol. 39(2), pp.210-220.
  3. Fardis, M.N. and Panagiotakos, T.B (1999)., “Deformation controlled earthquake resistant design of RC buildings”, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 3(4), pp.495-518.
  4. SEAOC (1995), “Recommended lateral force requirements and commentary- 7th edition”.
  5. Aschheim, M.A. and Black, E.F (2000)., “Yield Point Spectra for seismic Design and Rehabilitation”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 16(2), pp. 317-336
  6. Preistley, M.J.N. and Kowalasky, M.J.(2000), “Direct displacement based design of concrete buildings”, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engg, Vol. 33(4), pp. 421-444
  7. Browning jp (2001), “ Proportioning of earthquake – resistant RC building structures”,journal of the structural division, ASCE;127(2):145-151.
  8. Chopra, A.K. and Goel, R.K. (2001), “Direct displacement based design: Use of inelastic vs. elastic design spectra”, Earthquake spectra, Vol. 17(1), pp. 47-65.
  9. Priestley,   M.J.N (2008).,   “Displacement-Based Approaches to Rational Limit States Design of  New  Structures”,  Proc.  11  European Conf. Earthquake Engineering, Paris.,
  10. Loeding, S. Kowalsky, M.J. and Priestley, M.J.N. (1998), “Displacement based Design Methodology Applied to R.C. Building frames”, Report SSRP 98/06 Structures Department, UCSD, 296pp.
  11. Chopra, A.K. and Goel, R.K(2001), “Direct displacement based design: Use of inelastic vs. elastic design spectra”, Earthquake spectra, Vol. 17(1), , pp. 47-65.
  12. Pettinga J. D. and Priestley M. J. N (2006), “Direct displacement-based design of frame wall structures”, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 10, pp.266-294.
  13. Psycharis Ioannis N. (2009) “Displacement-based Seismic Design”, National Technical University of Athens Laboratory for Earthquake Engineering.
  14. Priestley M.J.N., Grant D.N. and Blandon C.A (2005)., “Direct Displacement-based Seismic Design”, New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Conference.
  15. Cardone D., Dolce M. and Palermo G (2008), “Force based vs. Direct Displacement-based Design OF Buildings with Seismic Isolation”, The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2008.
  16. Moehle J.P (1992), “Displacement-Based design of RC structures subjected to earthquakes”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 3(4),1992 pp403-428.
  17. Vidot-Vega, Aidcer Linalynn (2013), “The impact of load history on deformation limit states for the displacement-based seismic design of RC frame buildings”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 51, pp.128-140.
  18. Mayengbam Sunil S. and Choudhury S. (2011), “An Economic Comparison of Direct Displacement-based Design with IS- 1893 Response Spectrum Method for R.C. frame Buildings”, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Volume 2, No 1.
  19. Damir Dzakic, Ivan Kraus and Dragan Moric, “Direct Displacement-based Design of Regular Concrete Frames in Compliance with Eurocode 8”, ISSN 1330- 3651,UDC/UDK 624.
  20. Sheikh M Neaz, Tsang Hing-Ho and Lam Nelson (2008), “Estimation of yieldcurvature for Direct Displacement-based Seismic Design of R.C. Columns”, Faculty of Engineering – Papers.
  21.  Alefiya T. Dohadwala “ Comparison of Base Shear for Forced-Based Design Method and Direct Displacement-Based Design Method”, International Journal of Advance Engineer ing and Research Development (IJAERD) Volume 1, e-ISSN: 2348 – 4470.
  22.  Vivinkumar.R.V “a comparative study on force based design and direct displacement based design of reinforced concrete frames”, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308.
  23. H.G. urrego (2008) “a displacement-based analysis and design procedure for structural walls”, The 14 World Conference on Earthquake Engineering.
  24. H.J. Judi, R.C. Fenwick & B.J. Davidson (2001) “Direct displacement based design – a definition of damping”, Department of Civil & Resource Engineering – University of Auckland.
  25. Masihuddin Siddiqui (2015) “Non-Linear Static Analysis of Multi Storeyed Building–A Modified Approach” , International   Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research Vol. 4, No. 2.
  26. FEMA 356, Pre standard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of Buildings , Federal emergency management agency, Washington D C 2000.
  27. ATC 40,Seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing concrete buildings, Redwood city (CA): Applied Technology council, 1996
  28. IS 1893, “ Criteria for Earthquake Resistant    Design of Structures-Part 1”, 2002.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 2 | March-April 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-04-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 775-779
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1732201
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Amal Burahni, Jisha P, " Direct Displacement Based Design of RC Beams and Columns, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.775-779 , March-April-2017.
Journal URL :

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us