Facile Synthesis of Nanostructured Dentritic Polythiophene Nickel Composite and Its Application in the Adsorptive Removal of Methylene Blue

Authors(3) :-Abhishek Kumar Mishra, Ishwar Das, Namita Rani Agrawal

Polythiophene nickel nanocomposite was electrochemically synthesized from solution containing thiophene, perchloric acid and nickel chloride in acetonitrile medium and its application as adsorbent for the removal of Methylene blue (MB) dye was investigated. Polythiophene nickel composite (PTh-Ni composite), showed excellent water dispersibility. Polymer aggregates were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Powder X- ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), electrical conductivity and fractal dimension calculation. Electrical conductivity was found to increase with increase in nickel chloride concentration. Particles of the polythiophenes nickel composite were showed average size < 5 nm. Optimum dosage of adsorbent were determined and found to be1.5 gL-1 for PTh-Ni composite. Adsorption capacity (Q) is found to increase with increase in pH values. Experimental data were tested using Langmuir, Frendlich and Temkin models, and data were best followed by Freundlich model at 30oC. The maximum adsorption capacity (Qm) for PTh-Ni composite was found to be 384.61 mg/g. Various kinetic equations were applied to kinetic data and were best followed by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic parameters such as change in enthalpy (ΔH°), entropy (ΔS°), and free energy (ΔG°) were calculated. The adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic in nature. Adsorption/ desorption results are also reported.

Free online online HTML editor lets you easily help edit content for your websites.

Authors and Affiliations

Abhishek Kumar Mishra
Chemistry Department, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, India
Ishwar Das
Chemistry Department, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, India
Namita Rani Agrawal
Chemistry Department, St. Andrew’s College Gorakhpur, India

Nanostructure, Conducting polymer, Adsorption, Methylene blue, PTh-Ni composite.

  1. M. Shanehsaz, S. Seidi, Y. Ghorbani, S. M. R. Shoja and S. Rouhani, 2015, Polypyrrole- coated marnetic nanoparticles as an efficient adsorbent for RB19 synthetic textile dye: Removal and kinetic study, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 149, 481-486.
  2. L. Wang, J. Zhang and A. Wang, 2011, Fast removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by adsorption onto chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid)/attapulgite composite, Desalination. 266, 33-39.
  3. R. Ansari, M. S. Tehrani and M. B. Keivani, 2013, Application of Polythiophene – Sawdust Nano – Biocomposite for Basic Dye Removal Using a Continuous System, Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology 33, 19-32.
  4. R. Jamal, L. Zhang, M. Wang, Q. Zhao and T. Abdiryim, 2016, Synthesis of poly (3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)/MnO2 composites and their applications in the adsorptive removal of methylene blue, Progress in Natural Science Materials International, 26, 32- 40.
  5. X.G. Li, Z.Z.  Hou, M. R. Huang and M. G. Moloney, 2009, Efficient Synthesis of Intrinsically Conducting Polypyrrole Nanoparticles Containing Hydroxy Sulfoaniline as Key Self-Stabilized Units. J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 21586- 21595.
  6. A S Abd- El- Aziz, 2006, New Jersey John wiley and sons.
  7. W-Y Wong and P D Harvey, 2010, Recent Progress on the Photonic Properties of Conjugated Organometallic Polymers Built Upon the trans Bis(paraethynylbenzene)bis(phosphine)platinum(II) Chromophore and Related Derivatives. Macromol Rapid Commun, 31, 671-713.   
  8. A Rudge, J Davey, I Raistrick, S Gottesfeld and J P Ferraris, 1994, Conducting polymers as active materials in electrochemical capacitors. J. power sources, 47, 89 -107.
  9. X. Peng, W. Zhang, L. Gai, H. Jiang, Y. Wang and L. Zhao, 2015, Dedoped Fe3O4/ PPy nanocomposite with high anti- interfering ability for effective separation of Ag (I) from mixed metal-ion solution, Chemical Engineering Journal 280, 197-205.
  10. K. Shang, S. Ai, Q. Ma, T. Tang, H. Yin and H. Han, 2011, Effective photocatalytic disinfection of E .coli and S. aureus using polythiophene / MnO2 nanocomposite photocatalyst under solar light irradiation, Desalination, 278, 173-178.
  11. .Y. Zhu, S. Xu and D. Yi, 2010, Photocatalytic degradation of Methyl orange using polythiophene/titanium dioxide composites, Reactive & Functional Polymers 70, 282-287.
  12. H. Sert, Y. Yildiz, T. O. Okyay, B. Gezer, Z. Dasdelen, B. Sen and F. Sen, 2016, Monodisperse Mw- Pt NPs @ VC as Highly Efficient and Reusable Adsorbent for Methylene Blue Removal, J. Clust Sci 27, 1953-1962.
  13. I. Das, R. Choudhary, S.K. Gupta and P. Agrawal, 2011,  Nanostructured growth patterns and chaotic oscillations in potential during electropolymerization of aniline in the presence of surfactants, J. Phys. Chem. B. 115, 8724-8731.
  14. R. P. Rastogi, I. Das, A. Pushkarna, A. Sharma, K. Jaiswal and S.Chand, 1992, Inexpensive laboratory experiments on crystal growth of water soluble substances in gel media, J. Chem. Educ. 69 (2) A47.
  15. I. Das, N. R. Agrawal, S. K. Gupta and R. P. Rastogi, 2009,  Fractal growth kinetics and electric potential oscillations during electropolymerization of pyrrole, J. Phys. Chem. A, 113, 5296-5301.
  16. O.  Pezoti Jr. , A.  L. Cazetta, Isis P.A.F. Souza, K.  C. Bedin, A. C. Martins, T.  L. Silva and  V.  C. Almeida, 2014, Adsorption studies of methylene blue onto ZnCl2-activated carbon produced from buriti shells (Mauritia flexuosa L.) , Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry,  20 (6), 4401–4407.
  17. R. Ahmad and I. Hasan, 2017, Efficient Remediation of an Aquatic Environment Contaminated by Cr (VI) and 2,4- Dinitrophenol by XG-g-Polyaniline@ZnO Nanocomposite, Journal of Chemical & Engineering data DOI: 10.1021/acs.jced.6b00963.
  18. I. Das, N.Goel, N.R. Agrawal and S.K. Gupta, 2010,  Growth patterns of dendrimers and electric potential oscillations during electropolymerization of pyrrole using mono-and mixed surfactants , J. Phys. Chem. B. 114, 12888-12896.               
  19. A. K. Mishra, A. Sharma, I. Das and N. R. Agrawal, 2016, Electrochemical synthesis of dendritic nanosized conductive polythiophene cobalt composite as charge storage device, J. Indian Chem. Soc. 93, 971- 981.
  20. M.J Jean. 2002, Frechet, PNAS, Dendrimers and supramolecular chemistry. (99), 4782- 4787.
  21. Sherry Zhu and Timothy M. Swager, 1997, Conducting Polymetallorotaxanes:? Metal Ion Mediated Enhancements in Conductivity and Charge Localization. J. Am. Chem. Soc, (119), 12568- 12577.
  22. D. Gourier and G. Tourillon, 1986, Production of highly ordered organic conducting polymers (poly(3-methylthiophene)) under electrochemical inclusion of Cu/sup 2 +/ ions: an ESR study. J. Phys. Chem. (90), 5561- 5565.
  23. J. Mardalen, E.J. Samuelsen, O.R. Gautun and P.H. Carlsen, 1992, X- ray scattering from oriented poly (3- alkylthiophenes), Synth. Met. 48, 363–380
  24. Y.N. Li, G. Vamvounis and S. Holdcroft, 2002, Tuning Optical Properties and Enhancing Solid-State Emission of Poly(thiophene)s by Molecular Control: A postfunctionalization Approach, Macromolecules 35, 6900–6906.
  25. B. Senthilkumar, P. Thenamirtham and R. Kalai Selvan, 2011, Structural and electrochemical properties of polythiophene, Applied Surface Science 257,  9063– 9067.
  26. J. Coates, 2000, Interpretation of Infrared Spectra, A Practical Approach, Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry ,R.A. Meyers (Ed.), Chichester, 10815–10837, © John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  27. Y.H. Li, S.G. Wang, Z.K. Luan, J. Ding, C.L. Xu, and D.H. Wu, 2003, Adsorption of cadmium (II) from aqueous solution by surface oxidized carbon nanotubes, Carbon. 41, 1057- 1062.
  28. L. Bai, Z. Li, Y. Zhang, T. Wang, R. Lu, W. Zhou, H. Gao, and S. Zhang, 2015, Synthesis of water – dispersible grapheme- modified polypyrrole nanocomposite and its ability to efficiently adsorb methylene blue from aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J. 279, 757-766.
  29. Y. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Zhang, P. Liu, and A. Wang, 2015, A comparative study about adsorption of natural palygorskite for methylene blue, Chem. Eng. J. 262, 390-398.
  30. D. L. Zhao, G. D. Sheng, J. Hu, C. L. Chen, X. K. Wang, 2011,  The adsorption of Pb (II) on Mg2Al layered double hydroxide, Chem. Eng. J. 171, 167- 174.
  31. A. Aluigi, F.Rombaldoni,C.Tonetti, and L.Jannoke, 2014, Study of methylene Blue adsorption on keratin nanofibrous membranes, J.Hazard. Mater. 268, 156-165.
  32. Z.Chen , J. Zhang, J. Fu,   M. Wang, R. Han, and Q. Su, 2014, Adsorption of methylene blue on to poly( Cyclotriphoshazene- CO-4, 4’ –sulphonyldiphenol) nanotubes: kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamics analysis, Hazard. Mater. 273, 263-271.
  33. A. Mittal, R. Ahmad, and I. Hasan, 2016, Biosorption of Pb2+, Ni2+, and Cu2+  ions from aqueous solutions by L- cystein-modified montmorillonite- immobilized alginate nanocomposite, Desalination and Water Treatment, 57,  17790- 17807.
  34. J.W. Fu, Z. H. Chen, M. H. Wang, S. J. Liu, J. H. Zhang, J. N. Zhang, R. P. Han, and Q. Xu, 2015, Adsorption of methylene blue by high- efficiency adsorbent (polydopamine microspheres): Kinetics, isotherm, thermodynamics and mechanism analysis, Chem. Eng. J. 259, 53-61.
  35. Y. S. Ho, 2006, Second –order kinetic model for the sorption of cadmium onto tree fern: a comparison of linear and non linear methods, Water Res. 40, 119-125.
  36. Y. Liu, Y. Y. Kang, B. Mu, and A. Q. Wang, 2014, Attapulgite/ bentonite interactions for methylene blue adsorption characteristics from aqueous solutions. Chem. Eng. J. 237, 403-410.
  37. A. Khenifi, Z. Bouberka, F. Sekrane, M. Kameche, and Z. Derriche, 2007, Adsorption study of an industrial dye by an organic clay, Adsorption, 13, 149- 158.
  38. A.S. Ozcan, B. Erdem, and A. Ozcan, 2004, Adsorption of Acid Blue 193 from aqueous solution onto Na- bentonite and DTMA- bentonite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 280, 44- 54.  
  39. L. Ye, J.L. Fu, Z. Xu, R.S. Yuan, and Z.H. Li, 2014, Facile one-pot solvothermal method to nanocomposites with superior photocatalytic performance, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 3483-3490.
  40. M. Auta, and B.H. Hameed, 2014, Chitosan- clay composite as highly effective and low cost adsorbent for batch and fixed-bed adsorption of methylene blue, Chem. Eng. J. 237, 352-361
  41. L Wang, J. Zhang, and A. Wang, 2011, Fast removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by adsorbtion onto chitosan-g-poly (acrylic acid)/ attapulgite composite, Desalination 266 (1-3), 33-39.
  42. A.Gurses, C.Dogar, M. Yalcin, M. Acikyildiz, R. Bayrak, and S. Karaca, 2006, The adsorption kinetics of the cationic dye, methylene blue, onto clay. J. Hazard. Mater. 131, 217-228.
  43. A.T. Paulino, M.R. Guilherme, A.V. Reis, G.M. Campese, E.C. Muniz, and J. Nozaki. 2006, Removal of methylene blue dye from an aqueous media using superadsorbent hydrogel supported on modified polysaccharide, J. Colloid Interface Sci, 301, 55-62.
  44. L. Ai, C. Zhang, F. Liao, Y. Wang, M. Li, L. Meng. And J. Jiang, 2009, Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution with magnetite loaded multi-wall carbon nanutube nanocomposite as adsorbent , J. Hazard. Mater. 164 (2-3), 1517-1522
  45. L. Ai, C. Zhang, and Z. Chen, 2011, Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by a solvothermal- synthesized graphene/magnetite composite. J. Hazard Mater. 192 (3), 1515-1524.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 3 | May-June 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 575-588
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1733140
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Abhishek Kumar Mishra, Ishwar Das, Namita Rani Agrawal, " Facile Synthesis of Nanostructured Dentritic Polythiophene Nickel Composite and Its Application in the Adsorptive Removal of Methylene Blue, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp.575-588, May-June-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1733140

Follow Us

Contact Us