Integrated Groundwater Studies at Wadi El-Farigh Area, West Nile Delta, Egypt

Authors(4) :-Hassan Saleh, Mohamed A. Abdalla, Osama Faruk, Walid Abdallah M

Development of the Western Desert of Egypt is a main concern for Egypt to strengthen its role in National Economy and the development. This is being emphasized in the Western Desert water resources development Project. Therefore, the present study deals with evaluation of groundwater potentiality using hydrogeophysical and geological investigation tools. This work started in the summer of 2011 and continued until the summer of 2015. The area of study is located south of Wad El-Natron depression, southwest of the Nile Delta and left the Cairo – Alexandria Desert Road. It extends in a WNW-ESE direction for about 90 km with an average width of about 10 km. As calculated by the present author Wadi El-Farigh depression has a catchment area of 1112.5 km2 enclosed between the contours of 120 m above sea level in the south and west and 4 m below sea level in north center part. It lies between latitudes 30º 00' 00" and 30º 30' 00" N and Longitudes 30º 00' 00" to 30º 50' 00", E. The area includes lands belonging to the two governorates of Behira and Giza. The low area of wadi El-Farigh depression is dominated by sand accumulation and rock fragment. To achieve these plan new sources of water must be available. This has been done by conducting a number of VES’S where interpreted by a comparison with the existing drilled borehole soil samples. The optimum resistivity model is obtained by matching method using "IPI2Win" Moscow State University, (2000) software for resistivity interpretation. The results of the quantitative interpretation of the resistivity curves has been represented as geoelectric sections, showing the thickness and true electric resistivity values of the different geoelectric layers. The sections showed five subsurface geoelectric units and the aquifer system is belonging to Moghra (Lower Miocene) and water samples of the investigated area is fresh to brackish. The T.D.S. for the analyzed water samples ranges from 252 ppm to 2572 ppm. Mapping of the aquifer distribution indicated that the depth to water in Miocene aquifer varies from 49 m at the area close to El Rayah El Naseri to 176.88 m at high topographic areas towards the west. The total salinity of the Miocene aquifer (Moghra aquifer) varies from fresh to slightly brackish water.

Authors and Affiliations

Hassan Saleh
Prof. Hydrogeophysics, Faculty of science, Al- Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Mohamed A. Abdalla
Prof. Geophysics, National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, Helwan, Egypt
Osama Faruk
Dr. Geophysics, Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation.
Walid Abdallah M
Assistant Researcher, Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI), El Qanater El Khairiya, Egypt

Wad El-Natron, T.D.S., NE-SW, VES, Miocene Sediment, Regional Geomorphology

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 3 | May-June 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 126-132
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET173316
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Hassan Saleh, Mohamed A. Abdalla, Osama Faruk, Walid Abdallah M, " Integrated Groundwater Studies at Wadi El-Farigh Area, West Nile Delta, Egypt, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp.126-132, May-June-2017.
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