Morpho-anatomical Features of Rhynchosia Rufescens (Willd) DC. Seeds

Authors(3) :-Panneerselvam. M, Dr. K. Shanthi, R. Elangovan

ABSTRACT The study of morphological and anatomical characters is essential to give exact description and classification of a plant. In this study we analyzed the morpho-anatomical features of the seeds of the plant Rhynchosia rufescens of Fabaceae. Morphologically the seeds are black or dark brown in color, transversely elliptic, about 4×3mm, with succulent trophioles. The seed coat is 170µm thick and firmly adheres the cotyledons. The sarcotesta is 50µm thick and made up of palisade like lignified cells. The cotyledons consist of large cells filled with large starch grains of different shapes. Various morphological and anatomical characters observed in this study help in the identification and standardization of the species.

Authors and Affiliations

Panneerselvam. M
Department of Botany, Govt. Arts College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India
Dr. K. Shanthi
Department of Botany, Govt. Arts College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India
R. Elangovan
Department of Botany, Govt. Arts College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India

Key wordas – Morphology, anatomy, Rhynchosia rufescens, Fabaceae, trophioles, cotyledons, sarcotesta.

  1. Easu, K. 1964. Plant Anatomy John Wiley and sons. New York. Pp.767.
  2. Gamble, J.S 1935. Flora of the Presidency of Madras. Vol. I, II, & III. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, India.
  3. Johansen, D.A. 1940. Plant Microtechnique. Mc Graw Hill Book Co; New York. Pp.523.
  4. O’Brien, T.P; Feder, N. and Mc Cull, M.E. 1964. Polychromatic Staining of Plant Cell walls by toluidine blue-O.Protoplasma; 59:364-373.
  5. Sass, J.E. 1940. Elements of Botanical Microtechnique. McGraw Hill Book Co; New York. pp.222.
  6. Guno Sindhu Chakraborthy, Prashant M Ghorpade. Free radical scavenging activity of Abutilon Indicum (linn)sweet stem extracts. International Journal of ChemTech Research 2010 (2)1: 526-531.
  7. Janzen, D.H. & C. Vázquez-Yanes. 1990. Aspects of tropical seed ecology of relevance to management of tropical forested wild lands, p. 137-157. In A. Gómez-Pompa, T.C. Whitmore & M. Hadley (eds.). Rainforest regeneration and management, UNESCO and Parthenon, Paris, France.
  8. Khurana, E. & J.S. Singh. 2001. Ecology of tree seed and seedlings: Implications for tropical forest conservation and restoration. Curr. Sci. 80: 748-757.
  9. Burkart, A. 1952. Las leguminosas argentinas silvestres y cultivadas. Acme, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  10. Baskin, C.C. & J.M. Baskin. 1998. Seeds. Ecology, biogeography and evolution of dormancy and germination. San Diego Academic, California, USA.
  11. Ballard, L.A.T., 1973. Physical barriers to germination. Seed Sci. Technol., 1: 285--303.
  12. Mattirolo, O. and Buscalioni, L., 1892. Ricerche anatomofisiologiche sui tegumenti seminali delle Papilionacee. Memorie della Reale Academiadelle Scienze di Torino, Serie 2.T., 42: 223--445.
  13. Kondo, M., 1913. Der anatomische Bau einiger ausl~indischer Hiilsenfriichte, die jetzt viel in den Handel kommen. Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 25: 1--56.
  14. Zimmermann, K., 1936. Zur physiologischen Anatomie der Leguminosentesta, Landwirtsch.Vers. Stn., 127: 1--56.
  15. Karamian, R., Behjou, A. M., Ranjbar, M., 2012: Anatomical findings of Onobrychi sect.Heliobrychis (Fabaceae) in Iran and their taxonomic implications. Turkish Journal Botany 36, 27–37.
  16. Akalin-Urusak, E., Kizilarslan, C., 2013: Fruit anatomy of some Ferulago (Apiaceae) species in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 37, 434–445.
  17. Radford, A.E., Dickson, W.C., Massey, J.R. & Bell, C.R. 1974. Vascular plant systematic. Harper & Row Publishers, New York.
  18. Moise, J.A., Han, S., Gudynaite-Savitch, L., Johnson, D.A., Miki, B.L.A., 2005. Seed coats:structure, development, composition, and biotechnology. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. – Plant 41, 620– 644.
  19. Khandelwal KR. Practical pharmacognosy. 18th ed. Pune: Nirali publication; 2007, 10-14.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 3 | May-June 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 94-96
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET173322
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Panneerselvam. M, Dr. K. Shanthi, R. Elangovan, " Morpho-anatomical Features of Rhynchosia Rufescens (Willd) DC. Seeds, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp.94-96, May-June-2017.
Journal URL :

Article Preview