Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedure as a Cancer Diagnosis Application Tool

Authors(9) :-I. Shirazu, Y. B Mensah, T. A Sackey, M. Boadu, E K Eduful, E. Sosu, F. Hasford, T B. Dery, M. Pokoo-Aikins

Physical imaging technique described as Diffusion Weighted-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) is based on classically principle of Brownian motion, where the molecules are thermal agitated and is highly influenced by the cellular availability of water. The aim of this study is to discuss the use of DW-MRI as a cancer diagnostic application tool using the basic physics principles as versus other available procedures and modalities in terms of accuracy and acceptability. Based on extravascular diffusion measurements where the measured signal is related to tissue cellularity, tissue organization and extracellular space tortuosity and on the intactness of cellular membranes that are intrinsically hydrophobic. The methodology involve the application of DW-MRI procedure, to qualitatively and quantitatively access DW-MR images to diagnose brain tumors, prostate and other organ cancers compared to other imaging modalities including other MRI procedures. It also include safety assessment and other consideration before, during and after imaging with MRI as compare to other radiological modalities. The results of the data of ten (10) MRI centers and 112 DW-MRI images and 99 other procedure and modalities were analysed, 34% were prostate cases, 27% were brain cases and 39% formed all other cases. In addition, DW-MRI compare to other single imaging procedure formed 53% of all diagnostic procedure that had 87% accurate predictability of prostate and brain cases. It can therefore concluded that DW-MRI is the best single imaging procedure that can be used to diagnose prostate cancers and brain tumors. It has a major advantage of non-ionizing radiation technique, with multiple planes image acquisitions, together with superior soft tissue contrast. In addition its perfusion allow for precise tissue characterization rather than merely 'macroscopic' imaging and superior visualization of both active parts of the brain during certain activities and understanding of the underlying networks. However, there are two outstanding challenges of DW-MRI scans in Ghana: it is expensive as compared to other modalities and not safe for patients with some metal implants. Despite these challenges, its advantages override its disadvantages and therefore it is recommended to clinicians as the first diagnostic tool to use in prostate cancer and brain tumor diagnoses.

Authors and Affiliations

I. Shirazu
University of Cape Coast, School of Agriculture and Physical Sciences Faculty of Physical Sciences, Department of Physics, Cape coast, Ghana
Y. B Mensah
University of Ghana Medical School, Department of Radiology, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra Ghana
T. A Sackey
National Centre of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine, Department of Medical Physics, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra Ghana
M. Boadu
Graduate School of Nuclear and Allied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
E K Eduful
Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Radiological and Medical Sciences Research Institute, Medical Radiation Physics Centre, Accra, Ghana
E. Sosu
Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Radiological and Medical Sciences Research Institute, Medical Radiation Physics Centre, Accra, Ghana
F. Hasford
Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Radiological and Medical Sciences Research Institute, Medical Radiation Physics Centre, Accra, Ghana
T B. Dery
Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Radiological and Medical Sciences Research Institute, Medical Radiation Physics Centre, Accra, Ghana
M. Pokoo-Aikins
Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Radiological and Medical Sciences Research Institute, Medical Radiation Physics Centre, Accra, Ghana

DW-MRI, Water Diffusion, Hydroscopic, Visualization, Brain Tumor, Prostate Cancer

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 5 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 660-667
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1734125
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

I. Shirazu, Y. B Mensah, T. A Sackey, M. Boadu, E K Eduful, E. Sosu, F. Hasford, T B. Dery, M. Pokoo-Aikins, " Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedure as a Cancer Diagnosis Application Tool, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.660-667, July-August-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1734125

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