IJSRSET calls volunteers interested to contribute towards the scientific development in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology

Home > IJSRSET1734163                                                     

Investigation of Molding Characteristics of Acacia Gum Arabic Grade 1 for Making Green Sand Cores


Zhengwuvi L. B., Hassan M. A., Godi N. Y., Dasin D. Y.
  • Abstract
  • Authors
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Details
Investigation of moulding characteristics of Acacia gum arabic grade 1 was carried out. On addition of 0.50-2.50% Acacia gum arabic, the green moulding characteristics such as compression, shear strength, shatter index, compactability, bulk density, permeability number and flowability are in the range of 36.40-53.90 kPa, 0-9.80 kPa, 13.90-38.50%, 20.00-32.00%, 1300.00-1360.00 kg/m3, 112.00-80.00 and 96.60-74.50% respectively. The moulding characteristics show that the compression and shear strengths, shatter index, bulk density and compactability increased with percentage addition of acacia gum arabic, while the permeability number and flowability decreased with percentage addition of the gum. The moulding characteristics of the gum were found to be within accepted standard sand core characteristics. To validate the results, cores were produced with 2% gum arabic and used to produce simple bushings. It was observed that the sand cores were strong enough to withstand the molten metal pressure; they maintained location and collapsed only after molten metal solidification. The bushings were seen to be sound. Thus, acacia gum arabic grade 1 can be used as a binder in green sand core making for non-ferrous metal castings.

Zhengwuvi L. B., Hassan M. A., Godi N. Y., Dasin D. Y.

Acacia Gum Arabic, Characteristics, Green Sand Cores, Investigation, Moulding

  1. Ademoh, N. A. and Abdulahi, A.T. (2009). Determination of the Physio-Chemical Properties of Nigerian Acacia Species for Foundry Sand Binding Applications, Vol.1, No. 3, pp. 107-111, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology.
  2. Ademoh, N. A. and Abdulahi, A. T. (2010). Evaluation of the Effective Baking Conditions for Grade 3 Nigerian Acacia Species Bonded Foundry Sand Cores, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 504-507, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology.
  3. Ademoh, N. A. (2009). Establishment of the Beneficial Effects of Addition of Linseed Oil to Foundry Sand Cores Bonded with Nigerian Gum Arabic Grades 2 and 4, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 97-102, Idosi Publications.
  4. Egwin, E. C.,and Oloyede, o. B. (2011). Assessment ofGum Arabic and Agar Gum as Binder for the im mobilization of ?-amylase, Vol. 3, No. 1, Journal of Biochem Tech.
  5. Ademoh, N. A. (2008). Effect of Kaolin Clay Addition on Mechanical Properties of Foundry Sand Moulds Bonded with Grades 1 and 2 Nigerian Acacia Species, Vol. 3, No. 10, pp. 240-244, International Journal of Physical Sciences.
  6. Ademoh, N. A. and Abdulahi, T. A. (2008). Estimation of the Effect of Kaolin Clay Addition on the Mechanical Properties of Foundry Moulding Sand Bounded with Grades 3 and 4 Nigerian Gum Arabia (Acacia Species), Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 126-208, Indosi Publications.
  7. Ademoh, N. A. (2010). Evaluation of the Tensile Strength of Foundry Cores Made with Hybridized Binder Composed of Neem Oil and Nigerian Gum Arabic, Vol.5, No. 5, pp. 557-563, International Journal of the Physical Sciences.
  8. Ademoh, N. A. (2011). Natural Honey and Nigerian Gum Arabic as Composite Binder for Expendable Foundry Cores, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 70-76, Assumption University Journal of Technology.
  9. Ademoh, N. A. (2009). Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties of Expendable Foundry Sand Cores Bonded with Composites of Kaolin Clay and Grades 1 and 4 Gum Arabic, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 117-123, American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research.
  10. Ademoh, N. A. and Abdulahi, A.T. (2009). Investigation of the Potentials of Grade 2 Nigerian Acacia Species Exudates as Mounding Sand Binder in Local Non-Ferrous Foundries in Nigeria, Vol.1, No. 2, pp. 129-138, Research India Publication.
  11. Agboola , J. B., Moses, O. M and Ocheri, C. (2010). Investigation of Foundry Properties of Gum Arabic as a Composite Binder for the Production of Cores, Vol. 5, No.2, pp. 43-47, Journal of Metallurgy Materials Engineering
  12. Giroh, D. Y., Abubakar, M., Wuranti, V. and Ogwuche, P. (2008). Adoption of Gum Arabic Production taechnologies Among Farmaers in Gum Arabic Belt of Nigeria, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 48-53, Journal of Science and Technology Research.
  13. Eltahir, M. E. S., Elsayed, M. E. O. and Hamad, M. A. A. (2013). Assessment of Local Knowledge and traditional Uses of Acacia Senegal in Rural Areas of North Kordofan, Sudan, International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management and Rural Development.
  14. Apandi, N. A. A., Razak, N. A. S. A., Masri, M., Yusoff, S. F. and Lazim, A. M., A Prelimary Study on Gum Arabic as a Binder in Preparation of Starch Based Edible Plastics, Vol. 3, No. 2, (2013), pp. 50.52, International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology.
  15. Zhengwuvi, L. B., Ibhadode, A. O. A. (2017). Characterization of Sand Deposits in Adamawa State for Foundry Core making, A Ph. D Thesis Submitted to School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Benin, Benin-City.
  16. Brown, J. R. (2000). Foseco Foundryman’s Handbook, Butterworth-Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford.
  17. Heine, R. W., Loper Jr., C. R., and Rosenthal, P. C. (2004). Principles of Metal Casting, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company ltd, New Delhi.
  18. Raji. C., Odiakaose, C., Godi, N. Y. and Zhengwuvi, L. B. (2013). The Journal of the Nigerian Institute of Production Engineers, Vol. 14, pp 16-23, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | September-October - 2017
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2017-10-31 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
135-141 IJSRSET1734163   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Zhengwuvi L. B., Hassan M. A., Godi N. Y., Dasin D. Y., "Investigation of Molding Characteristics of Acacia Gum Arabic Grade 1 for Making Green Sand Cores", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.135-141, September-October-2017.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1734163.php