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Occurrence and Distribution of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Water and Soil Samples from Kargi Area, Marsabit County, Kenya

Authors(1):

Vincent O. Madadi
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This work investigated organochlorine pesticides residue levels in water and soil from Kargi area of Marsabit County, Northern Kenya. The population of Kargi has experienced high incidences of ill health conditions associated with environmental factors which has raised public concern and interest to delineate the causes. Several organic and inorganic compounds are known to cause toxicity to human health when they occur at high levels in environment, especially pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polyaromatic hydrocharbons, polychlorinated dibenzo-paradioxins/furans among other organics. Inorganic chemical of concern in water include arsenic, nitrites and fluorides. The main objective of this study was to determine whether pesticides contamination in water and soil could be contributing to ill health conditions in Kargi area. We focused on organochlorine pesticides due to the fact that these were widely applied in Kenyan environment in the past, particularly in agriculture and desert locust control leading to high environmental prevalence, obsolete stocks and contaminated soils. We collected water samples in 2.5 L amber glass bottles, whereas soil was collected in aluminum foil and packed in ziplock bags. After extraction and cleanup, pesticide residues were analysed using Agilent 6890N gas chromatograph equipped with a micro-electron capture detector. Pesticide residues in water ranged from <0.001-3.370 g/L and from <0.001-17.141g/kg in soil. The residues in soils were approximately ten times higher than the levels measured in water. Pesticide residues detected in water samples were well below the WHO maximum limits and also below the background levels detected in other parts of the country. Therefore the residues levels measured in water and soil samples in this study could not be associated to the high incidences of ill health and cancer experienced in the region. Further sampling to compare levels in wet and dry seasons could help to establish environmental effect on water contamination.

Vincent O. Madadi

Marsabit, Kargi, Soil & Water quality, organochlorine pesticides residues, environmental health

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 5 | July-August - 2017
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2017-08-31 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
91-99 IJSRSET173420   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Vincent O. Madadi, "Occurrence and Distribution of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Water and Soil Samples from Kargi Area, Marsabit County, Kenya", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.91-99, July-August-2017.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET173420.php