Preparation and physical characterization of CdS thin films deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis

Authors(1) :-Hadi Ahmed Hussin

Optical absorbance spectra of CdS thin films were recorded from UV-Visible spectrophotometer in the range 380-900 nm. The films were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis by spraying an aqueous solution of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and thiourea [(NH2)2 CS] with de-ionized water. The absorbance, refractive index, absorption coefficient increased with the increasing of CdS film thickness, while the extinction coefficient decreased. The energy gap decreased from 2.4 eV for thickness 500 nm to 2.37 eV for thickness 700 nm.<

Authors and Affiliations

Hadi Ahmed Hussin
Physics Department, Education College, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

CdS Thin Film, Chemical Spray Pyrolysis, Optical Properties, Energy Gap.

  1. Dobson KD, Visoly-Fisher, Hodes IG, Cahen D. Stability of CdTe/CdS thin-film solar cells (review paper). Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 2000; 62:295-325.
  2. Oladeji I, Chow L, Ferekides C, Viswanathan W, Zhao Z. Metal/CdTe/CdS/Cd1-xZnxS/TCO/Glass: A new CdTe thin film solar cell structure. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 2000;61:203-11.
  3. J P Enriquez, and X Mathew, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 76 (2003) 313322
  4. K. Senthil, D. Mangalraj, S. K. Narayandass, Appl. Surf. Sci.169, 476 (2001).
  5. P. Taneja, P. Vasa, P. Ayyub, Mater. Lett. 54, 343 (2002).
  6. S. Bhushan, S. K. Sharma, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 23,909 (1990).
  7. M.C. Baykul, A. Balcioglu, Microelectron. Eng. 51, 703 (2000).
  8. M. Tsuji, T. Aramoto, H. Ohyama, T. Hibino, K. Omura, J. Cryst. Growth 214, 1142 (2000).
  9. S. Yoshihiko, O. Takashi, J. Vac. Soc. Jpn. 43, 284 (2000).
  10. J. Nishino, S. Chatani, Y. Uotani, Y. Nosaka, J. Electroanal. Chem.473, 217 (1999).
  11. R. Padmavathy, N. P. Rajesh, A. Arulchakkaravarthi, R. Gopalakrishnan, P. Santhanaraghavan, P. Ramasamy, Mater. Lett. 53, 321 (2002).
  12. B. A. Ezekoye, V. A. Ezekoye, P. O.Offor, S. C. Utazi "Synthesis, structural and optical characterizations of cadmium oxide (CdO) thin films by chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique" International Journal of Physics Sciences Vol. 8, No. 31 (2013)1587-1601.
  13. K. Usharani, A.R. Balu, M. Suganya, V. S. Nagarethinam, “Cadmium Oxide Thin Films Deposited by a Simplified Spray Pyrolysis Technique for Optoelectronic Applications”, Journal of Applied Chemical Research, 9, 1, 47-63 (2015).

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 5 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 321-323
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET173484
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Hadi Ahmed Hussin , " Preparation and physical characterization of CdS thin films deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.321-323, July-August-2017.
Journal URL :

Follow Us

Contact Us