Characteristics of Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine with Ethanol as Fuel

Authors(1) :-Dr. R. Ramachandra

Depleting petroleum reserves on the earth and increasing concerns about the environment leads to the question for fuels which are eco-friendly safer for human beings. The objective of present work was to investigate the effect of coating on piston, cylinder head and valves of a Diesel engine on the performance and emission characteristics of exhaust gases using wet ethanol (5% water) as a fuel.
Approach: In this study the effect of Zirconia coating on the performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine was investigated using ethanol as sole fuel. For this purpose the cylinder head, valve and piston of the test engine were coated with a partially stabilized Zirconia of 0.5 mm thick by the plasma spray coating method. . For comparing the performance of the engine with coated components with the base engine, readings were taken before and after coating. To make the diesel engine to work with ethanol a modification was done.
Results: The engine’s performance was studied for both wet ethanol and diesel with and without Zirconia coating. Also the emissions values are recorded to study the engine’s behavior on emissions. Satisfactory performance was obtained with Zirconia coating compared with a standard diesel engine. The brake thermal efficiency was increased up to 1.64% for ethanol with coating and there was a significant reduction in the specific fuel consumption. The NOx, CO and HC emissions in the engine exhaust decreases with coating.
Conclusion: Using ethanol as sole fuel for a LHR diesel engine causes an improvement in the performance characteristics and significant reduction in exhaust emissions.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. R. Ramachandra
Principal & Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SKD Engineering College, Gooty, Andhra Pradesh, India

Partially Stabilized Zirconia (PSZ), Low Heat Rejection (LHR), heat rejection, Exhaust emissions, emission characteristics.

  1. Al Hasan, M., 2003. Effect of ethanol-unleaded gasoline blends on engine performance and exhaust Emission. Energy Conversion Manag., 44: 1547-1561. DOI: 10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00166-8
  2. Al-Hasan, M., 2007. Evaluation of fuel consumption and exhaust emissions during engine warm-up. Am. J. Applied Sci., 4: 106-111. DOI: 10.3844/ajassp.2007.106.111
  3. Beele, W., Marijnissen, G., A.V. Lieshout, 1999. The evolution of thermal barrier coatings-status and upcoming solutions for today’s key issues. Surface Coatings Tech., 120: 61-67. DOI: 10.1016/S0257-8972(99)00342-4
  4. Bekal, S. and T.P.A. Babu, 2008. Bio-fuel variants for use in CI engine at design and off-design regimes: An experimental analysis. Fuel, 87: 3550-3561. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2008.07.001
  5. Ciniviz, M., 2010. Performance and energy balance of a low heat rejection diesel engine operated with diesel fuel and ethanol blend. Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, 34: 93-104.
  6. Garcia, E., P. Miranzo, R. Soltani and T.W. Coyle, 2008. Microstructure and thermal behavior of thermal barrier coatings. J. Thermal Spray Tech. 478-485. DOI: 10.1007/s11666-008-9200-6 Hansen, A.C., Q. Zhang and P.W. Lyne, 2005. Ethanol-diesel fuel blends -- a review. Bioresour. Technol., 277-285. PMID: 15474927
  7. Jaichandar, S and P. Tamilporai, 2003. Low Heat Rejection Engines-An Overview. 1st Edn., SAE International, USA., pp: 17.
  8. Kaleemuddin, S. and G.A.P. Rao, 2009. Development of dual fuel single cylinder natural gas engine an analysis and experimental investigation for performance and emission. Am. J. Applied Sci., 6: 929-936. DOI: 10.3844/ajassp.2009.929.936
  9. Kamo, L., P. Saad, D. Saad, W. Bryzik and M.H. Mekari, 2006. Diesel engine cylinder bore coating for extreme operating conditions. 1st Edn., SAE Internationl, USA., ISBN-10: 0768016363, pp: 9.
  10. Modi. A.J. and D.C. Gosai, 2010. Experimental study on thermal barrier coated diesel engine performance with blends of diesel and palm biodiesel. Fuels Lubricants, 3: 246-259.
  11. Srinivasan, C.A. and C.G. Saravanan, 2010. Emission reduction in SI engine using ethanol-gasoline blends on thermal barrier coated pistons. Int. J. Energy Environ., 1: 715-726.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 1 | January-February 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-10-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 569-576
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1736183
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Dr. R. Ramachandra, " Characteristics of Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine with Ethanol as Fuel, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.569-576, January-February-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1736183

Follow Us

Contact Us