Performance and Emission Characteristics of Lemongrass Oil Fueled CI Engine

Authors(1) :-Dr. R. Ramachandra

The combustion of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with neat lemongrass oil, diesel was evaluated the performance and Emission characteristics. In this regard, the combustion phenomena of lemongrass oil were investigated at engine speed of 1500 rpm and compression ratio of 17.5 in a four-stroke cycle engine. Furthermore, the engine tests were conducted with homogeneous charge compression ignition engine. The tests were conducted to measure fuel consumption, indicated power, Brake thermal efficiency, combustion characteristics and compared with conventional diesel fuel operation. The results indicated that the higher specific fuel consumption, the brake thermal efficiency was nearly equal to the diesel fuel. The experimental outcomes disclosed that successful ignition and energy release trends can be obtained from a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine fuelled with lemongrass oil.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. R. Ramachandra
Principal & Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SKD Engineering College, Gooty, Andhra Pradesh, India

lemongrass oil, HCCI, Performance, Combustion

  1. Mevlut Sureyya Kocak, Zafer Utlu, “The effect of biodiesel fuel obtained from waste frying oil on direct injection diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions,” Renewable Energy, 1936-1941,2008.
  2. K.Binu , C. Jagdeesh Vikram, S. Prabhakar, “Performance test for lemongrass oil in single cylinder diesel engines,” ISSN 1819-6608 ,2013.
  3. E. Crabbe, A. Ishizaki, C. Nolasco-Hipolito, G. Kobayashi, K. Sonomoto and, “Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties,” Process Biochemistry,37: 65-71, 2001.
  4. G. Knothe and K.R. Steidley, “Lubricity of components of biodiesel and petrodiesel: The origin of biodiesel lubricity,” Energy and Fuels. 19: 1192-1200, 2002.
  5. Fangrui Maa, Milford A. Hannab, “Biodiesel production: a review” Bioresource Technology 70, Page 1-15.
  6. Ma Fangrui, Hanna Milford A., “Biodiesel production: a review,” Bioresource Technology,” vol. 70, pp. 1 -15
  7. C.S. Lee, D.S. Kim,” Improved emission characteristics of HCCI engine by various premixed fuels and cooled EGR,” Fuel, 85: 695-704. 2006.
  8. Zhao, F., Asmus, T., Assanis, D., Dec, J., Eng, J. and Najit, P,“Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine,” Key Research and Development Issues, SAE SP-94. 2003.
  9. D. Yap, M. Wyszynski and Xu, H, “ An investigation into propane homogeneous charge compression ignition engine operation with residual gas trapping”, Fuel, 84(18): 2372-2379. 2005
  10. C. Bae, K. Yeom, J. Jang, “ Homogeneous charge compression ignition of LPG and gasoline using variable valve timing in an engine,” Fuel, 86(4): 494-503. 2006.
  11. R. Standing, N. Kalian, Wirth, M, H. Zhao, “ Effects of injection timing and valve timings on CAI operation in a multi-cylinder DI gasoline engine”, SAE Paper No. 2005-01-0132,2005
  12. Akhilendra Pratap Singh, Avinash Kumar Agarwal, “Combustion characteristics of diesel HCCI engine: an experimental investigation using external mixture formation technique,” Appl. Energy 116-125,2015
  13. D. Ganesh, G. Nagarajan, M. Mohamed Ibrahim, “Study of performance, combustion and emission characteristics of diesel homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion with external mixture formation,” Fuel, 3497- 3503,2008.
  14. A. Babajimopoulos, D. Assanis, S. Fiveland, “An approach for modeling the effects of gas exchange processes on HCCI combustion and its application in evaluating variable valve timing control strategies”. SAE 2002-01-2829, 2002.
  15. K. Soloman Binu, S. Prabhakar, S. Aque Ahmed Ashf, C. Vikram Jagdeesh, “Performance test for lemon grass oil in single cylinder diesel engines source,” J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 8, 455-458,2013.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 5 | September-October 2015
Date of Publication : 2017-10-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 479-485
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1736200
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Dr. R. Ramachandra, " Performance and Emission Characteristics of Lemongrass Oil Fueled CI Engine, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp.479-485, September-October-2015.
Journal URL :

Article Preview