Performance on the Effect of N-Butanol Diesel Blends on Single Cylinder Four Stroke Diesel Engine

Authors(1) :-Dr. R. Ramachandra

Experimental work was conducted to evaluate the effect of using n-butanol (normal butanol) in conventional diesel fuel biodiesel blends on the engine performance parameter of a single cylinder direct injection compression ignition engine with the engine working at different three engine loads. A blend of biodiesel and diesel fuel known as B20 (20% biodiesel and 80% diesel in volume) was prepared, and then n-butanol was added to B20 at a volume percent of 5%,10%,15% and 20% (denoted as B5,B10,B15 and B20, respectively). The performance parameters evaluated include thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), brake specific energy consumption (BSEC). Results were compared with the neat diesel. The blended biodiesel is being injected to cylinder and tested up to 20% blended biodiesel. The experiment ensures that up to 20% biodiesel blended with diesel can be used without any modification in the diesel engine and enhancement of combustion, FC, BSFC, efficiency and the over all performance of the engine.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. R. Ramachandra
Principal & Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SKD Engineering College, Gooty, Andhra Pradesh, India

N-Butanol Diesel Blends, Diesel Engine, Normal Butanol, Brake Specific Energy Consumption, Brake Specific Fuel Consumption

  1. Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC. Development and application of a multi-zone model for combustion and pollutants formation in a direct injection diesel engine running with vegetable oil or its bio-diesel Energy Convers Manage 2007;48:1881–901.
  2. Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC. Multi-zone modeling ofdiesel engine fuel spray development with vegetable oil, bio-diesel or dieselfuels. Energy Convers Manage 2006;47:1550–73.
  3. Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC. Experimental heat releaseanalysis and emissions of a HSDI diesel engine fueled with ethanol– diesel fuelblends. Energy 2007;32:1791–808.
  4. Rakopoulos DC, Rakopoulos CD, Giakoumis EG, Papagiannakis RG, Kyritsis DC.Experimental–stochastic investigation of the combustion cyclic variability inHSDI diesel engine using ethanol–diesel fuel blends. Fuel 2008;87:1478–91.
  5. Kouremenos DA, Rakopoulos CD, Kotsos KG. A stochastic  experimentalinvestigation of the cyclic pressure variation in a DI single-cylinder dieselengine. Int J Energy Res 1992;16:865–77.
  6. Pucher H, Sperling E. n-Butanol–Diesel-Gemisch als Alternativekraftstoff fuerden Dieselmotor. Erdoel und Kohle, Erdgas, Petrochemie vereinigt mitBrennstoff-Chemie 1986;39:353–6 [in German].
  7. Miers SA, Carlson RW, McConnell SS, Ng HK, Wallner T, Esper JL. Drive cycleanalysis of butanol/diesel blends in a light-duty vehicle. SAE paper no. 2008-01-2381; 2008.
  8. Yoshimoto Y, Onodera M, Tamaki H. Performance and emission characteristicsof diesel engines fueled by vegetable oils. SAE paper no. 2001-01-1807/4227;2001.
  9. Yoshimoto Y, Onodera M. Performance of a diesel engine fueled by rapeseed oilblended with oxygenated organic compounds. SAE paper no. 2002-01-2854;2002.
  10. Rakopoulos DC, Rakopoulos CD, Giakoumis EG, Dimaratos AM, Kyritsis DC.Effects of butanol–diesel fuel blends on the performance and emissions of ahigh-speed DI diesel engine. Energy Convers Manage 2010. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2010.02.032.
  11. Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC, Giakoumis EG. Study ofcombustion in a divided chamber turbocharged diesel engine by heat releaseanalysis in its chamber. Appl Thermal Eng 2006;26:1611–20.
  12. Heywood JB. Internal combustion engine fundamentals. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1988.
  13. Benson RS, Whitehouse ND. Internal combustion engines. Oxford: Pergamon;1979.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 1 | January-Febuary 2015
Date of Publication : 2017-02-27
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 392-395
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1736202
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Dr. R. Ramachandra, " Performance on the Effect of N-Butanol Diesel Blends on Single Cylinder Four Stroke Diesel Engine, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.392-395, January-Febuary-2015.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1736202

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us