Intelligent Control of Standalone Photovoltaic/Fuel Cell Power Plant with Super Capacitor Energy Storage

Authors(1) :-Dr. G. Mahesh Manivanna Kumar

This is the paper based on "Intelligent Control of a Standalone Photovoltaic / Fuel cell Power Plant With Super capacitor Energy Storage" .A renewable energy hybrid power plant, fed by photovoltaic (PV) and fuel cell (FC) sources with a super capacitor(SC) storage device and suitable for distributed generation applications, is proposed herein. The PV is used as the primary source; the FC acts as a backup, feeding only the insufficiency power (steady-state) from the PV; and the SC functions as an auxiliary source and a short-term storage system for supplying the deficiency power (transient and steady-state) from the PV and the FC. For high-power applications and optimization in power converters, four-phase parallel converters are implemented for the FC converter, the PV converter, and the SC converter, respectively. Using the intelligent fuzzy logic controller based on the flatness property for dc grid voltage regulation, we propose a simple solution to the fast response and stabilization problems in the power system. Because of this, two or more renewable energy sources are required to ensure a reliable and cost-effective power solution. Such a combination of different types of energy sources into a system is called a hybrid power system.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. G. Mahesh Manivanna Kumar
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, JEPPIAAR SRR Engineering College, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

FC Converter, PV Converter, SC Converter, Voltage Regulation

  1. M. H. Nehrir, C. Wang, K. Strunz, H. Aki, R. Ramakumar, J. Bing, Z. Miao, and Z. Salameh, A review of hybrid renewable/alternative energy systems for electric power generation: Configurations, control, and applications, IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 2, no. 4, pp.392-403, Oct. 2011.
  2. P. Thounthong, V. Chunkag, P. Sethakul, S. Sikkabut, S. Pierfederici, and B. Davat, Energy management of fuel cell/solar cell/supercapacitor hybrid power source, J. Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 1, pp.313-324, Jan. 2011.
  3. A. Ravey, N. Watrin, B. Blunier, D. Bouquain, and A. Miraoui, Energy-source-sizing methodology for hybrid fuel cell vehicles based on statistical description of driving cycles, IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol.,vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 4164-4174, Nov. 2011.
  4. T. Azib, O. Bethoux, G. Remy, and C. Marchand, Saturation management of a controlled fuel-cell/ultracapacitor hybrid vehicle, IEEETrans. Veh. Technol., vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 4127-4138, Nov. 2011.
  5. A. S.Weddell, G. V.Merrett, T. J. Kazmierski, and B. M. Al-Hashimi, Accurate supercapacitor modelling for energy harvesting wireless sensor nodes, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Brief, vol. 58, no.12, pp. 911-915, Dec. 2011.
  6. Y. Riffonneau, S. Bacha, F. Barruel, and S. Ploix, Optimal power flow management for grid connected PV systems with batteries, IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 309-420, Jul. 2011.
  7. M.Uzunoglu and M. S. Alam, “Modeling and analysis of an FC/UC hybrid vehicular power system using a novel-wavelet-based load sharing algorithm,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 263-272,Mar. 2008.
  8. W. Na, T. Park, T. Kim, and S. Kwak, “Light fuel-cell hybrid electric vehicles based on predictive controllers,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 89-97, Jan. 2011.
  9. P. Thounthong, S. Raël, and B. Davat, “Control strategy of fuel cell and super capacitors association for distributed generation system,” IEEETrans. Ind. Electron., vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 3225-3233, Dec. 2007.
  10. C.Xia,X.Gu, T. Shi, andY.Yan, “Neutral-point potential balancing ofthree-level inverters in direct-driven wind energy conversion system,”IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 18-29, Mar. 2011.
  11. H. Zhou,G.Yang, and J.Wang, “Modeling, analysis, and control for the rectifier of hybrid HVdc systems for DFIG-based wind farms,” IEEETrans. Energy Convers., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 340-353, Mar. 2011.
  12. M. Zandi, A. Payman, J.-Ph. Martin, S. Pierfederici, B. Davat, andF. Meibody-Tabar, “Energy management of a fuel cell/supercapacitor/battery power source for electric vehicular applications,” IEEE Trans.Veh. Technol., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 433-443, Feb. 2011.
  13. P. Thounthong, “Model based-energy control of a solar power plant with a supercapacitor for grid-independent applications,” IEEE Trans.Energy Convers., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1210-1218, Dec. 2011.
  14. A. Gensior, T. M. P. Nguyen, J. Rudolph, and H. Güldner, “Flatness based loss optimization and control of a doubly fed induction generator system,” IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 19, no. 6, pp.1457-1466, Nov. 2011.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 8 | November-December 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 402-409
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1738106
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Dr. G. Mahesh Manivanna Kumar, " Intelligent Control of Standalone Photovoltaic/Fuel Cell Power Plant with Super Capacitor Energy Storage, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 8, pp.402-409, November-December-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1738106

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us