IJSRSET calls volunteers interested to contribute towards the scientific development in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology

Home > IJSRSET1738272                                                     


Monitoring the Changes of Temperature Indices Under Climate Change Conditions

Authors(1):

Khalil A. A.
  • Abstract
  • Authors
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Details
Weather and climate temperature extreme events may have major impacts on society, economy, ecosystems, and on human health; they drive natural and human systems much more than the average climate. The aim of this study is to monitor and analyze the changes of temperature indices based on future climate data in Egypt. The monitoring has been done on the basis of assessing the changes of four temperature indices (Maximum maximum temperature (TXx), Minimum minimum temperature (TNn), Frost days and summer days) according to future climate data. The climate change data has been obtained from downscaling on global climate model ECHAM6 of scenario RCP 4.5 by a horizontal resolution 50 km during the period from 2010 up to 2090, and the results indicated that, the highest TXx was observed during the period 2080-2089 while lowest TNn was observed during the period 2010-2019 in the most of Egypt Governorates. Also it has been observed that, the maximum number of frost days was observed in 2010 decade while the maximum number of summer days in winter season was observed in 2080 decade at most of Egypt governorates.

Khalil A. A.

Maximum and Minimum Temperatures, Temperature Indices and Climate Change.

  1. Alexander LV, Zhang X, Peterson TC, Caesar J, Gleason B, Klein Tank AMG, Haylock M, Collins D, Trewin B, Rahim F, Tagipour A, Kumar Kolli R, Revadekar JV, Griffiths G, Vincent L, Stephenson DB, Burn J, Aguilar E, Brunet M, Taylor M, New M, Zhai P, Rusticucci M, Vazquez Aguirre JL. 2006. Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 111: D05109. DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006290
  2. Alexandera, L. and Tebaldi, C. (2012). Chapter 10 of The Future of the World's Climate, 2nd Edition: Climate and Weather Extremes: Observations, Modelling, and Projections. Pages 253-288.
  3. Dahech S, Beltrando G. 2012. Observed temperature evolution in the City of Sfax (Middle Eastern Tunisia) for the period 1950-2007. Climatic Change. 114(3-4): 689-706. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012- 0420-x.
  4. Driouech F, MahŽe G, DŽequŽe M, Dieulin C, El Heirech T, Milano M, Benabdelfadel A, Rouche N. 2010. Evaluation d’impacts potentiels de changements climatiques sur l’hydrologie du bassin versant de la Moulouya au Maroc. Global Change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources (Proc. of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco, October 2010). IAHS Publ. 340, 2010.
  5. Donat, M. G; T. C. Peterson, M. Brunet, A. D. King, M. Almazroui, R. K. Kolli, Djamel Boucherf, Anwar Yousuf Al-Mulla, Abdourahman Youssouf Nour, Ahmed Attia Aly, Tamer Ali Ali Nada, Muhammad M. Semawi, Hasan Abdullah Al Dashti, Tarek G. Salhab, Khalid I. El Fadli, Mohamed K. Muftah, Sidaty Dah Eida, Wafae Badi, Fatima Driouech, Khalid El Rhaz, Mohammed J. Y. Abubaker, Ayman S. Ghulam, Amani Sanhouri Erayah, Maher Ben Mansour, Waleed O. Alabdouli, Jemie Salem Al Dhanhani, and Majed N. Al Shekaili. 2014. Changes in extreme temperature and precipitation in the Arab region: long-term trends and variability related to ENSO and NAO. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 581-592 (2014) Published online 6 May 2013 in Wiley Online Library  (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3707
  6. El-Fadli KI. 2012. Climate change over Libya and impacts on agriculture. Thesis submitted for the degree of MSc in Meteorology, Cairo University, Cairo, p. 107.
  7. El-Kenawy A, L'opez-Moreno J, Vicente-Serrano S, Mekld M. 2009. Temperature trends in Libya over the second half of the 20th century. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 98: 1-8.
  8. Giorgi, F. and P. Lionello, 2008: Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region. Global and Planetary Change 63: 90-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.09.005.
  9. Kerr, R., 2013: In the hot seat. Science, 342, 688-689.
  10. Khalil A.A. and Hassanein M. K., 2016. Extreme weather events and negative impacts on Egyptian agriculture. Int. J. Adv. Res. 4(12), 1843-1851.
  11. Niang, I., O.C. Ruppel, M.A. Abdrabo, A. Essel, C. Lennard, J. Padgham, and P. Urquhart, 2014: Africa. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1199-1265.
  12. Patricola, C.M. and K.H. Cook, 2010: Northern African climate at the end of the twenty-first century: an integrated application of regional and global climate models. Climate Dynamics, 35(1), 193-212.
  13. Paula j. Brown, Raymond S. Bradley and frank T. Keimig, 2010. Changes in Extreme Climate Indices for the Northeastern United States, 1870-2005. Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, 6555-6572.
  14. Peterson TC, Manton MJ. 2008. Monitoring changes in climate extremes: a tale of international collaboration. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89: 1266-1271. DOI: 10.1175/ 2008BAMS2501.1.
  15. Sillmann J, Kharin VV, Zwiers FW, Zhang X, Bronaugh D. 2013a. Climate extremes indices in the CMIP5 multi-model ensemble. Part 1: model evaluation in the present climate. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 118(4): 1716-1733. DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50203.
  16. Sillmann J, Kharin VV, Zwiers FW, Zhang X, Bronaugh D. 2013b. Climate extremes indices in the CMIP5 multi-model ensemble. Part 2: future projections. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres. DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50188.
  17. Stephanie C. Herring, Martin P. Hoerling, Thomas C. Peterson, and Peter A. Stott, 2014. Explaining extreme events of 2013 from a climate perspective. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, No. 9, September 2014.
  18. Stocker, T. F., and Coauthors, Eds., 2014: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, 1535 pp.
  19. Tubiello FN, Soussana J-F, Howden SM (2007). Crop and pasture response to climate change. PNAS 104 (50):19686-19690.
  20. United Nations and League of Arab States report, 2015. Climate Projections and Extreme Climate Indices for the Arab Region. Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region (RICCAR). Publication issued by ESCWA.
  21. Vizy, E.K. and K.H. Cook, 2012: Mid-twenty-first-century changes in extreme events over northern and tropical Africa. Journal of Climate, 25(17), 5748-5767.
  22. Zhang XB, Aguilar E, Sensoy S, Melkonyan H, Tagiyeva U, Ahmed N, Kutaladze N, Rahimzadeh F, Taghipour A, Hantosh TH, Albert P, Semawi M, Ali MK, Al-Shabibi MHS, Al-Oulan Z, Zatari T, Khelet IA, Hamoud S, Sagir R, Demircan M, Eken M, Adiguzel M, Alexander L, Peterson TC, Wallis T. 2005. Trends in Middle East climate extreme indices from 1950 to 2003. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 110: D22104. DOI: 10.1029/2005jd006181.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February - 2018
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2017-12-31 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
69-76 IJSRSET1738272   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Khalil A. A. , "Monitoring the Changes of Temperature Indices Under Climate Change Conditions", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.69-76, January-February-2018.
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1738272.php

IJSRSET Xplore

Search Your Article

Enter ID [Ex. IJSRSET14XXX]

Subscribe