Crystallization in Phase Change Materials

Authors(1) :-Mohammed Jaafer Ali Alatabe

There are large numbers of phase change materials that melt and solidify at a wide range of temperatures, making them attractive in a number of applications. Hydrated salts have larger energy storage density and higher thermal conductivity but experience super cooling and phase segregation, and hence, their application requires the use of some nucleating and thickening agents. Sodium carbonate, sodium phosphate and sodium sulfate tested as phase change material by crystallization in this work. Salt hydrate phase change materials used for thermal storage in space heating and cooling applications have low material costs, but high packaging costs. A more economic installed storage may be possible with medium priced, high latent heat. Latent heat storage is one of the most efficient ways of storing thermal energy. Unlike the sensible heat storage method, the latent heat storage method provides much higher storage density, with a smaller temperature difference between storing and releasing heat.

Authors and Affiliations

Mohammed Jaafer Ali Alatabe
Environmental Engineering Department, Mustansiriyah University. Baghdad, Iraq

Crystallization, Salt Hydrate , Phase Change Material.

  1. Abhat.A, "Low temperature latent heat thermal energy storage, Heat storage materials", solar energy; 30,pp.313-32, 1983.
  2. Belenzalba , Jose M. Marin , LusiFeabeza , Harald Mehling , "Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials, heat transfer analysis and application",Applied thermal eng g, pp.251-283,23(2003).
  3. Feldman, D., M. M. Shapiro, "Organic phase change materials for thermal energy storage." Solar Energy Materials 13: 1-10, et al. (1986).
  4. Hadjieva M, Stoykov R, Filipova T," Composite salt-hydrate concrete system for building energy storage", Renewable Energy, 19,pp. 11-15, 2000.
  5. Hawes DW, Feldman D, "Absorption of phase change materials in concrete", Solar Energy Material and Solar Cells,Vol.27, pp.91-101, 1992.
  6. I. Dincer , M. A. Rosen , "Thermal energy storage, systems and applications", John Wiley and sons, chickaester (England)2002.
  7. Khudhair, A. M., and M. M. Farid. A review on energy conservation in building applications with thermal storage by latent heat using phase change materials. Energy Converse. Mgmt. 45(2):263-275, 2004.
  8. Mehling R, Krippner A, Hauer," Research project on PCM in wood-light weight-concrete", In Proceedings of the second workshop of IEA ECES IA Annex.
  9. Mohammed Jaafar Ali Al-atabe,'' Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage" Journal of Petroleum Research & Studies NO.5 - 2012,E69-E92.
  10. Mohammed Jaafar Ali Al-atabe , Ahmed Alaa,. Isotherm and Kinetics studies, Adsorption of Chromium(III)Ions from Wastewater Using Cane Papyrus. Themed Section: Engineering and Technology | Vol ume 3 | Issue 6 | Print ISSN: 2395-1990 |Online ISSN : 2017 IJSRSET 2394-4099.
  11. Neeper D, "Thermal dynamics of wallboard with latent heat storage", Sol Energy ,68, pp.393- 403,2000.
  12. Peippo K, Kauranen P, Lund PD, "A Multi component PCM wall optimized for passive solar heating", Energy Building, Vol. 17, pp.259-270,1991.
  13. Ryu, H.W., Woo, S.W., Shin, B.C. and Kim S.D., Prevention of Super cooling and Stabilization of Inorganic Salt Hydrates as Latent Heat Storage Materials. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 27. 161-172. (1992).
  14. Xiao, M., Feng B. and Gong K., Preparation and Performance of Shape Stabilized Phase Change Thermal Storage Materials with High Thermal Conductivity. Energy Conversion and Management 43. 103-108. (2002).
  15. Zalba, B., J. M. Marin, L. F. Cabeza, and H. Mehling. Review on thermal energy storage with phase change: Materials, heat transfer analysis, and applications. Appl. Ther. Eng. 23(3): 251-283,2003.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 93-99
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET173836
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Mohammed Jaafer Ali Alatabe, " Crystallization in Phase Change Materials, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.93-99, January-February.2018
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET173836

Follow Us

Contact Us