Synthesis and Comparative study of Glass Fibre Reinforced Polyester and their Composites based on Punnal oil

Authors(2) :-T. J. Sasikala, A. Malar Retna

Punnal oil is obtained from the seed of the Calophyllum inophyllum tree. The advantages of this oil are low cost, readily available, less toxic etc that can be used for the synthesis of polyesters. Punnal oil based biopolyester resin was synthesised by reacting punnal oil with peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide followed by acrylation with acrylic acid. The obtained polyester resin was cured with styrene in the presence of benzoyl peroxide. The glass fibre reinforced polyester composites were synthesised using punnal oil based biopolyester resin with glass fibre of varying compositions. The spectral studies such as FTIR and 1H NMR analysis, the mechanical properties, scanning electron microscope analysis, soil burial test and antimicrobial test were evaluated. It has been evaluated that the variation of composition of fibres influences the mechanical properties. The evaluation of ageing performance reveals that the glass fibre reinforced polyester composites showed lower degradation rate than the polyester sheet because glass fibres are non-biodegradable.

Authors and Affiliations

T. J. Sasikala
Department of Chemistry, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), Nagercoil-3, Tamilnadu, India
A. Malar Retna
Department of Chemistry, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), Nagercoil-3, Tamilnadu, India

Polyester, Composites, Acrylic Acid, Glass Fibre, Punnal Oil

  1. L. Montero De Espinosa and M. A. R. Meier. 2011. European Polymer Journal. (May 2011),
  2. A. Adeyeye. 1991. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. (July 1991), DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2740570316
  3. A. Adewuyi, A. Gopfert and T. Wolff. 2014. Central European Journal of Chemistry. (Aug 2014), DOI: 10.5402/2012/873046
  4. R. Sakthivela and D. Rajendranb. 2014. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology. (Mar 2014), ISSN: 2231-5381
  5. T. G. Nieh, K. R. Forbes, T. C. Chou and J. Wadsworth. 1990. Microstructure and deformation properties of an Al2O3-Ni3Al composite from room temp to 1400C, High performance Composites for the 1990’s, Eds., S. K. Das, C. P. Ballard and F. Marikar, TMS-New Jersey. 1990.
  6. A. Sureshkumar, B. Karthick, S. Dinakaran and R. Rajapradeepan. 2014. International Organization of Scientific Research. (Mar 2014), 10.9790/3021-04363641
  7. S. Katoch, V. Sharma and P.P. Kundu. 2011. Diffusion Fundundamenta. (Mar 2011).
  8. F. L. Tobiason, C. Chandler and J. Schwarz. 1972. Macromolecule. (May 1972), DOI:10.1021/ma60027a018
  9. A. W. Bauer, W. N. Kirby and J. C. Sheries, Journal of clinical Pathology. (Apr 1966), ISSN 0002-9173
  10. S. Ramesh, G.B. The, R. F. Louh, Y. K. Hou, P. Y. Sin and L. J. Yi. 2010. Sadhana. (Oct 2010).
  11. E. A. Ismail, A. M. Motawie and E. M. Sadek . 2011. Egyptian Journal of Peteroleum. (June 2011),
  12. P. Panigrahi, X. Li, P. Panigrahi and R. L. Kushwaha. 2009. SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles. (Apr 2009), ISSN 1407-7353 print / 2255-8713
  13. S. Taj, M. A. Munawar and S. Khan. 2007. Proceedings of Pakistan Academy of Science. (Mar 2007).

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 8 | November-December 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 299-305
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET173847
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

T. J. Sasikala, A. Malar Retna, " Synthesis and Comparative study of Glass Fibre Reinforced Polyester and their Composites based on Punnal oil, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 8, pp.299-305, November-December-2017.
Journal URL :

Article Preview