Adsorption Studies of Trimethoprim Antibiotic on Powdered and Granular Activated Carbon in Distilled and Natural Water

Authors(6) :-Michael A. Opanga, Vincent O. Madadi, Shem O. Wandiga, Holiness M. Nose, Charles W. Mirikau, Mamo Umuro

Contamination of drinking water sources by Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) has raised concerns due to associated negative effects on the ecosystem, which include reproductive and hormonal malfunctions in some living organisms. In addition, occurrence of antibiotics in aquatic environment has been associated with development of antimicrobial resistance. However, the conventional water and wastewater treatment technologies are not effective at removing such organic micro-pollutants from the source waters, hence most of such contaminants find their way through the systems with minimal restrain. Hence accelerated effort to find technologies to enhance removal of recalcitrant organic micro-pollutants from the water and wastewater. The objective of this study was to investigate the removal of Trimethoprim (TMP) from natural water using Powdered Activated Carbon (PAC) and Granular Activated Carbon (GAC). Adsorption experiments were conducted following batch process using natural water and distilled water. We also investigated the effect of pH changes on adsorption of TMP from the water. We obtained better performance for PAC in the removal of TMP compared to GAC. The removal efficiency decreased as a function of TMP concentrations in the aqueous solution. The optimal pH for adsorption was found to be 7, whereas pH values below or above 7 exhibited decreased adsorption of the antibiotic. There was no significant difference in the adsorption of TMP in both natural water and distilled water, which was attributed to limited organic matter in the natural water that was used.

Authors and Affiliations

Michael A. Opanga
Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, College of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Vincent O. Madadi
Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, College of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Shem O. Wandiga
Institute of Climate Change and Adaptation, College of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi. P. O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Holiness M. Nose
Department of Pure and Applied Sciences, Technical University of Kenya, P. O. Box,52428-00200 Nairobi, Kenya
Charles W. Mirikau
Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, College of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Mamo Umuro
Department of Promotive and Preventive Health, National Public Health Laboratory, Ministry of Health, P.O Box 20750- 00202 Nairobi, Kenya

Atibiotic Pollution, Activated Carbon Adsorption Studies, PAC and GAC, Natural and River Water

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 11 | November-December 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-12-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 223-230
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1841117
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Michael A. Opanga, Vincent O. Madadi, Shem O. Wandiga, Holiness M. Nose, Charles W. Mirikau, Mamo Umuro, " Adsorption Studies of Trimethoprim Antibiotic on Powdered and Granular Activated Carbon in Distilled and Natural Water, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 11, pp.223-230, November-December-2018. Available at doi : https://doi.org/10.32628/IJSRSET1841117
Journal URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1841117

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