Domestic Water and Family Health : A Review on Water Management Behavior

Authors(2) :-Suchandra Samanta Mandal, Deb Prasad Sikdar

Domestic water supply is one of the basic needs of human life to sustain. Besides drinking household water is used for various purposes like cooking, bathing, washing clothes, hygienic practices, car washing, lawn watering, small scale horticulture and other similar activities. Minimum volume of water consumption per capita is found to depend on the availability of water in that area. Household water is collected from various sources of surface water and ground water. In India tap, well, hand pump, tube-well and miscellaneous other sources are used as sources of water in rural and urban households. Access to water from a house becomes difficult in dry and arid zones. Often the women folks of the family have to carry the water from several kilometers away. The water may be contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms causing enteric diseases, toxic natural chemicals like fluoride, arsenic and nitrates. Often children are the main victims of the contaminated water. This review delves into the factors behind the health problems arose out of water. Awareness among family members regarding hygienic use of water, government initiatives to provide clean and safe water for human consumption, various purification methods adopted in household and the storage methods are discussed as the remedies to the problems of unsafe water. Finally women are the guardians of water in every household. Their roles in the domestic water management are discussed.

Authors and Affiliations

Suchandra Samanta Mandal
Department of Education,University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India
Deb Prasad Sikdar
Krishnanagar B.Ed. College, P.O. Krishnanagar, Nadia, West Bengal, India

Domestic Water, Family Health, Water Management Behavior

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 777-784
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET184119
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Suchandra Samanta Mandal, Deb Prasad Sikdar, " Domestic Water and Family Health : A Review on Water Management Behavior, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.777-784, January-February-2018.
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