Arima Analysis for Detecting FTIR and XRD Spectral Pattern on Barium Strosium Titanat (BST) Thin Film

Authors(2) :-Muhammad Nur Aidi, Irzaman

Knowledge about atomic and molecular structure of Barium Stronsium Titanat (BST) is very important for exploring the material characteristic of BST. Analyzing X-ray Diffraction and Fourier-transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy spectral pattern usually done by Rietvel model or General Structure Analysis System (GSAS). Both of these methods rely on reference pattern as guidance. XRD or FTIR data were first compared with reference data which then its charateristic indentified based on the reference data. ARIMA model could be used as alternative. ARIMA model does not need reference pattern as guidance. Research shows those FTIR and XRD values at heated BST powder could be modeled well by ARIMA. Therefore, studying atomic and molecular structure of BST could be done via reflectant function which derived from XRD and FTIR values with ARIMA approach. Result showed that first differencing model in ARIMA with order AR (2) and order MA (2) or less were very good for explaining Lanthanum Oxide (0%, 5%, and 10%) doped BST FTIR data. First differencing model in ARIMA with order AR (3), and order MA (3) or less were very good for explaining Lanthanum Oxide (0%, 5%, and 10%) doped BST XRD data. Accuracy of ARIMA model for explaining Lanthanum Oxide (0%, 5%, and 10%) doped BST FTIR data is more accurate than Lanthanum Oxide (0%, 5%, and 10%) doped BST XRD data. This is due to model ARIMA for Lanthanum Oxide (0%, 5%, and 10%) doped BST FTIR data is more simple (more parsimony) and its Determinant coefficient is higher.

Authors and Affiliations

Muhammad Nur Aidi
Statistics Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Dramaga Bogor Indonesia
Physics Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor Indonesia

ARIMA, FTIR, XRD, BST, Lanthanum oxide

  1. Jian-Gong C, Tang J, Chu J, Zhang A."Pyroelectric properties in sol–gel derived barium strontium titanate thin films using a highly diluted precursor solution," Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 77, p. 1035-1037, 2000.
  2. Wenhui Ma dan L. Eric Cross. "Flexoelectric polarization of barium strontium titanate in the paraelectric state,"Applied Physics Letter,Vol. 81, p. 1, 2002.
  3. Padmini P, Taylor T R, Lefevre M J, Nagra A S, York R A, Speck J S. "Realization of high tunability strontium titanate thin films by rf magnetron sputtering," Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 75, 3186-3188, 1999.
  4. Frank N, Christian V, JakobsenH."MEMS-Based Uncooled Infrared Bolometer Arrays – A Review," Proceeding of SPIE, Vol. 6836, 1-15, 2013.
  5. Zhao Y, Mao M, Horowitz R, Majumdar A, Varesi J, Norton P, Kitching J. "Optomechanical Uncooled Infrared Imaging System: Design, Microfabrication, and Performance," Journal Of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, 136-146, 2002.
  6. Polotai A V, Yang G, Dickey E C, Clive A. Randall C A. "Utilization of Multiple-Stage Sintering to Control Ni Electrode," Journal of the American Ceramic Societ, Vol. 90, 3811-3817,2007.
  7. Opitz M R, Albertsen K, Beeson J J, Hennings D F, Routbort J L, Randall C A. "Kinetic Process of Reoxidation of Base Metal Technology," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 86, 1879-1884,2003.
  8. Ali T, Maria J, Ayguavives F, Jin Z, Stauf G T, Angus I."Tunable Barium Strontium Titanate Thin Film," IEEE Microwave And Wireless Components Letters,Vol. 12, 3-5, 2012.
  9. Clemens B M."Solid-state reaction and structure in compositionally modulated zirconiumnickel and titanium-nickel films," Physical Review 8, Vol. 33,7615-7623, 1986.
  10. Han S J, Jang T H, Kim Y B, Park B G, Park J H, Jeong Y H. "Magnetism in Mn-doped ZnO bulk samples prepared by solid state reaction," Applied Physics Letter. Vol. 83, 2003.
  11. Jin B J, Im S, Lee S Y."Violet and UV luminescence emitted from ZnO thin films grown on sapphire by pulsed laser deposition," Thin Solid Films, Vol. 366, 107-110,2007.
  12. Kaidashev E M, Lorenz M, Wenckstern H V, Rahm A, Semmelhack H C, Han K H, Benndorf G, Bundesmann C, Hochmuth H, Grundmann M."High electron mobility of epitaxial ZnO thin films on c-plane sapphire grown by multistep pulsed-laser deposition," Applied Physics Letter. Vol.82, 3901-3903, 2003.
  13. Ma C, Dou A, Chen L, Li Y, Tan X, Dong P, Zhang J,Zheng L, Zhang P."A new nondestructive instrument for bulk residual stress measurement using tungsten Kα1 X-ray,"Review Of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, pp. 1-7, 2016.
  14. Hou Y, Ji X, Zou L, Liu S, Su X."Performance of cement stabilized crushed brick aggregates in asphalt pavement base and subbase applications," Road Materials and Pavement Design pp. 1-16,2015.
  15. Dubey S, Gubrele D, Rao R M. "Standardization of Yogaamruto Rasa by Using Modern Analysis Techniques," Vol. 4, pp. 27-23, 2016.
  16. Pawan R, Shalini P, Sridurga Ch. "Analytical Study of Panchshara Rasa Through XRD, SEM, EDX, and ZP," International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research , Vol. 4, pp. 35-40, 2016.
  17. Erinosho T O, Collins D M, Wilkinson A J,Todd R I, Dunne F P E."Assessment of X-ray Diffraction and Crystal Plasticity Lattice Strain Under Biaxial Loading," International Journal of Plasticity, pp. 1-29, 2016.
  18. Yusuf N Y, Masdar M S, Isahak W N R W, Nordin D, Husaini T, Majlan E H, Rejab S A M, Chew C L."Ionic liquid impregated activated carbon for biohydrogen purification in an adsorption unit," IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, pp. 1-12, 2016.
  19. Karami F, Khanmohammadi, Garmarudi."ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and chemometrics application for analytical and kinetics characterization of adsorption of 1-butyl mercaptan (1-butanethiol) on nickel coated carbon nanofibers (CNFS),"Bulgarian Chemical Communications,Vol. 48, pp. 51-56, 2016.
  20. Jiang X, Li S, Xiang G, Li Q, Fan L, He L, Gu K. "Determination of the acid values of edible oils via FTIR spectroscopy based on the OAH stretching band,"Food Chemistry,Vol. 212, pp. 585-589, 2016.
  21. Toon G C, Blavier J, Sung K, Rothman L S, Gordon I E."HITRAN spectroscopy evaluation using solar occulation FTIR spectra," Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, Vo. 182,pp. 324-336, 2016.
  22. Liao J X, Wei X B, Xu Z Q, Wang P."Effect of potassium-doped concentration on structures and dielectric performance of barium-strontium-titanate films," Vacuum, Vol. 107, pp. 291-296, 2014.
  23. Zuo X H, Deng X Y, Chen Y, Ruan M ,Li W, Liu B, Qu Y, Xu B."A novel method for preparation of barium strontium titanate nanopowders, " Materials Letters, Vol. 64, pp. 1150-1153, 2010.
  24. Tubchareon T, Soisuwan S, Ratanathammaphan S, Praserthdam P."Effect of Na-, K-, Mg-, and Ga dopants in A/B-sites on the optical band gap and photoluminescence behavior of [Ba0.5Sr0.5]TiO3 powders," Journal of Luminescence,Vol. 142, pp. 75-80, 2013.
  25. Liu C, Liu P, Li X, Gao C, Zhu G, Chen X."A simple method to synthesize Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 nano-powders through high-energy ball-milling," Powder Technology, Vol. 212, pp.299-302, 2011.
  26. Challali F, Besland M P,Benzeggouta D, Borderon C, Hugon M C, Salimy S, Saubat J C,Charpentier A, Averty D, Goullet A, Landesman J P."Investigation of BST thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering in pure Argon," Thin Solid Films, Vol. 518, pp. 4619-4622, 2010.
  27. Brankovic G, Brankovic Z , Goes M S, Paiva-Santos C O P, Cilense M, Varela J A, Longo E."Barium strontium titanate powders prepared by spray pyrolysis," Materials Science and Engineering B, Vol. 122, pp. 140-144, 2005.
  28. Xiaowei Y, Yanwei Z, Tongxiang C, Zhenxing H."Preparation of (Ba,Sr)TiO3@polystrene core-shell nanoparticles by solvent-free surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization," Applied Surface Science, Vol. 258, pp. 7365-7371, 2012.
  29. Mohammadi M R, Derek J. Fray D J."Sol–gel derived nanocrystalline and mesoporous barium strontium titanate prepared at room temperature," Particuology, Vol. 9, pp. 235-242, 2011.
  30. Norezan I, Yahya A K, Talari M K."Effect of (Ba0.6Sr0.4)TiO3 (BST) Doping on Dielectric Properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO)," Journal of Materials Science & Technology,Vol. 28, pp. 1137-1144, 2012.
  31. Wanga X, Huang R, Zhao Y, Zhao Y, Zhoub H, Jiaa Z."Dielectric and tunable properties of Zr doped BST ceramics prepared by spark plasma sintering,"Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 533, pp. 25-28, 2012.
  32. Sohail S, Mistri E A, Khanb A, Banerjee S, Biswas K."Fabrication and performance study of BST/Teflon nanocomposite thin film for low voltage electrowetting devices," Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 238, pp. 122-132, 2016.
  33. Liua T, Zhanga H, Wanga F, Shi J, Ci P, Wanga L, Ge S, Wang Q, Chu P K."Three-dimensional supercapacitors composed of Ba0.65Sr0.35TiO3 (BST)/NiSi2/silicon microchannel plates," Materials Science and Engineering B,Vol. 176, pp. 387-392, 2011.
  34. Jian S, Chang W, Fang T, Ji L, Hsiao Y, Chang Y."Nanomechanical characteristics of BaxSr1−xTiO3 thin films," Materials Science and Engineering B, Vol. 131, pp. 281-284, 2006
  35. Nur O, Willander M, Israr M Q, Desouky E F G, Salem M A, Hamad A B A , Battisha I K. "Effect of elevated concentrations of strontium and iron on the structural and dielectric characteristics of Ba(1xy)Sr(x)Ti Fe(y)O3 prepared through sol–gel technique," Physica B, Vol. 407, pp. 2697-2704, 2012.
  36. Yana D, Luob L, Zhang Y, Penga Z, Liua H, Xiao D , Liub T, Laib X, Zhu J."Influence of deposition temperature on microstructure and electrical properties of modified (Ba, Sr)TiO3 ferroelectric thin films,"Ceramics International Vol. 41, pp. 520-525, 2015.
  37. Rani R, Singh S, Juneja J K, Raina K K, Prakash C."Dielectric properties of Zr substituted BST ceramics," Ceramics International, Vol. 37, pp. 3755-3758, 2011.
  38. 38Huang J, Liao J, Wang P, Zhang W, Wei X, Xu Z. "Effect of doped concentration on dielectric properties of Mn and Y alternately doped BST films," Surface & Coatings Technology,Vol. 251, pp. 307-312, 2015
  39. 39Wang S Z, Liao J X, Hu Y M, Gong F, Xu Z Q, Wu M Q."Structures and dielectric performances of Mn/Y alternately doped BST films prepared by a novel preheating process," Materials Chemistry and Physics,Vol. 193, pp. 50-56, 2017.
  40. 40Maensiri S, Nuansing W, Klinkaewnarong J, Laokul P, Khemprasit J."Nanofibers of barium strontium titanate (BST) by sol–gel processing and electrospinning," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 297, pp. 578-583, 2006.
  41. 41Singh M, YadavaB C., Ranjan A, Kaur M, GuptaS K."Synthesis and characterization of perovskite barium titanate thin film and its application as LPG sensor,"Sensors and Actuators B,Vol. 241, pp. 1170-1178, 2017.
  42. 42Rai K, RaoKN, Kumar L V, MandalK D."Synthesis and characterization of ultra fine barium calcium titanate, barium strontium titanate and Ba1−2xCaxSrxTiO3 (x = 0.05, 0.10),"Journal of Alloys and Compounds,Vol. 475, pp. 316-320, 2009.
  43. 43Simões A Z, Moura F, Onofre T B, Ramirez M A, Varela J A, Longo E."Microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of barium strontium titanate nanoparticles," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 508, pp. 620-624,2010.
  44. 44KhollamYB, DeshpandeSB, PotdarHS, BhoraskarSV, SainkarSR, DateSK."Simple oxalate precursor route for the preparation of barium–strontium titanate: Ba1xSrxTiO3 powders," Materials Characterization, Vol. 54, pp. 63-74. 2005.
  45. 45Dong H, Jian J, Li H, Jin D, Chen J and Cheng J."Improved dielectric tunability of PZT/BST multilayer thin films on Ti Substrate," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2017.
  46. 46Pan Z B, Yao L M , Zhai J W, LiuSH, Yang K, Wang H T, Liu J H."Fast discharge and high energy density of nanocomposite capacitors using Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 nanofibers," Ceramics International, 2016.
  47. 47Philippot G, JensenKMØ, Christensen M, Elissalde C, Maglione M, IversenbBo B, Aymonier C."Coupling in situ synchrotron radiation with ex situ spectroscopy characterizations to study the formation of Ba1−xSrxTiO3 nanoparticles in supercritical fluids," Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 87, pp. 111-117, 2014.
  48. 48Liu S, Xue S, Zhang W, Zhai J, Chen G."The influence of crystalline transformation of Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 nanofibers/poly (vinylidene fluoride) composites on the energy storage properties by quenched technique," Ceramics International, pp. 1-5, 2014.
  49. 49Jin Y, Xia N, Gerhardt R A."Enhanced Dielectric Properties of Polymer Matrix Composites with BaTiO3 and MWCNT Hybrid Fillers using Simple Phase Separation," Nano Energy, pp. 1-33, 2016.
  50. 50Attar A S, Sichani E S , Sharaf S."Structural and dielectric properties of Bi-doped barium strontium titanate nanopowders synthesized by sol–gel method," Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Vol. 216, pp. 1-8, 2016.
  51. 51Kumari A, Ghosh B D. "Preparation and dielectric properties of polyimide/Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 nanocomposite film," Materials Today: Proceedings, Vol. 4, pp. 10479-10483, 2017.
  52. 52ChenQ, HongR Y."Fabrication and characterization of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3-PANI/PS three-phase composites," Ceramics International, pp. 1-36, 2014.
  53. 53Naeem A, Mahmood A , Iqbal Y , Ullah A , Mahmood T, Humayun M. "Dielectric and impedance spectroscopic studies on (Ba0.5Sr0.5)Mnx(Ti0.95Fe0.05)1xO3 ceramics synthesized by using sol–gel method," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 645, pp. 290-296, 2015.
  54. 54Turkya A O, Rashad M, and Bechelany M."Tailoring Optical and Dielectric Properties of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 Powders Synthesized Using Citrate Precursor Route," Materials Design, pp. 1-22, 2015.
  55. 55Irzaman, H. Syafutra, E. Rancasa, A. Wahidin Nuayi, Tb. Gamma Nur Rahman, N. Aisyah Nuzulia, I. Supu, Sugianto, F. Tumimomor, Surianty, O. Muzikarno, and Masrur. The Effect of BaSr Ratio on Electrical and Optical Properties of BaxSr(1-x)TiO3 (x = 0.25; 0.35; 0.45; 0.55) Thin Film Semiconductor. Ferroelectrics. Vol. 445 (1) : 4-17,2013.
  56. Nur Aidi. M. Masjkur, Siswadi, S. Pramudito, A. Arif, H. Syafutra, H. Alatas, dan Irzaman. Phase Transformation of Ba0.55Sr0.45TiO3 Tetragonal to Pseudotetragonal Structures and Arima Model for XRD Data. International Journal of Statistic and Application. Vol. 3 (5): 19-187, 2013.
  57. 57Irzaman, Y. Pebriyanto, E. Rosidah Apipah, I. Noor, A. Alkadri. Characterization of Optical and Structural of Lanthanum Doped LiTaO3 Thin Films. Integrated Ferroelectrics. Vol. 167(1), page 137-145,2015.
  58. 58Irzaman, Henni Sitompul, Masitoh, Mohammad Misbakhusshudur and Mursyidah. Optical and Structural Properties of Lanthanum Doped Lithium Niobate Thin Films. Ferroelectrics. Vol. 502 (1), page 9-18, 2016.
  59. 59Liu K., Chen Y. and Zhang X. "An Application of the Seasonal Fractional ARIMA model to the Semiconductor Manufacturing," IFAC PapersOnline, Vol. 50-1, pp. 8097-8102, 2017.
  60. 60Sen P, Roy M and Pal P."Application of ARIMA for forecasting energy consumption and GHG emission: A case study of an indian pig iron manufacturing organization," Energy, pp. 1031-1038, 2016.
  61. 61Zafra C, Angel Y and Torres E."ARIMA analysis of the effect of land surface coverage on PM10 concentrations in a high-altitude megacity," Atmospheric Pollution Research, pp. 1-9, 2017.
  62. 62Yuan C, Liu S and Fang Z."Comparison of China's primary energy consumption forecasting by using ARIMA and GM model," 2016, pp. 384-390. 2016
  63. 63Jeyasekar A, Raja SVK and Uthra RA."Congestion Avoidance Algorithm Using ARIMA Model-Based RTT in Heterogeneous Wired-Wireless Networks,"Journal of Network and Computer Application, pp. 1-42, 2016.
  64. 64Oliveira PJ, SteffenJL and CheungP."Parameter Estimation of Seasonal Arima Models for Water Demand FOrecasting using the Harmony Search Algorithm," Procedia Engineering, Vol. 186, pp. 177-185, 2017.
  65. 65Koutroumanidis T, Ioannou K, ArabatzisGaryfallos. "Predicting fuelwood pricesin Greece with the use of ARIMA models, artificial neural network and hybrid ARIMA-ANN model," Energy Policy, Vol. 37, pp. 3627-3634, 2009
  66. 66Qin M, Li Z. and Du Z. "Red tide time series forecasting by combining ARIMA," Knowledge-Based Systems, pp. 1-24, 2017.
  67. 67Box, George; Jenkins, Gwilym (1970). Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. San Francisco: Holden-Day.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 870-883
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1841227
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Muhammad Nur Aidi, Irzaman, " Arima Analysis for Detecting FTIR and XRD Spectral Pattern on Barium Strosium Titanat (BST) Thin Film , International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.870-883, January-February-2018.
Journal URL :

Follow Us

Contact Us