Natural Adsorbents: The Potent Effective Solution to The Effluent Treatment of Sugar Industries

Authors(1) :-Mrs. Sujata Malik

Water is considered the most important element existing in all the living organisms and the most precious boon by nature for them to survive. Pure and fresh water is the basic need for the human consumption i.e .for drinking purpose or food cooking too. Now-a-days, it is a frightful fact; roughly a billion of people around the globe are deprived of pure, fresh and safe water to drink or for the use in kitchen. It goes without saying that water is considered the most important element in human life and its functions are very essential not only for human beings but also to all the living beings to survive. So, today, basic need for human consumption is the fresh and safe drinking water. But due to rapid expansion of industrialization and anthropogenic activities have contributed a lot in the economic progress and prosperity, but eventually disturbed the entire eco-system adversely, especially human beings. The presence of toxic heavy metals in aqueous system is the result of the untreated or not properly treated effluents discharging from different kinds of industries into the water bodies, generates the hazardous environmental problems or critical issues. Today, environmental pollution is supposed to be a burning issue for human beings and animals too. Toxic heavy metals are considered as the potent pollutants having the direct catastrophic effect on men and animals. One of the major strong impacts is that the water bodies have been become contaminated due to sugar industries’ effluents containing piles of toxic heavy metals like lead, copper, cadmium, iron, chromium and nickel etc. So far, a number of effectual methods have been reviewed time to time for clearing the heavy metals such as chemical precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, adsorption, electro dialysis, coagulation, flocculation, lime softening and oxidation etc. The most conventional treatment methods or strategies suffer of several disadvantages such as high reagent requirement, unpredictable metal ion removal and generation of toxic sludge etc. Instead of using conventional treatment methods or strategies, now-a-days, adsorption is assumed as one of the alternative treatment methods. In the adsorption method of treatment, the curious researcher often lays emphasis upon low cost natural adsorbents of natural origin for the treatment of effluents discharging from sugar industries. The usability of agro- based natural adsorbents has proven as a potent weapon in the recent decades as one of the most potent alternatives for effluent purification as compared to conventional or traditional heavy metals strategies. Tripathi and Rajan (2015) found that concentration of adsorbate, extent of surface modification and adsorbent characteristics are the factors responsible for metal adsorption capacity. The present endeavor emphases upon the usability of agro-based low cost, natural adsorbents for removing the heavy metals from the effluents discharging from sugar industries along with methodology applied, because these are thought to be as the emerging innovative, low maintenance and energy efficient technology and the best resource for waste water purification, especially in the case of sugar industries’ effluents.

Authors and Affiliations

Mrs. Sujata Malik
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, DN College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Conventional Methods, Adsorption, Low Cost Natural Adsorbents, Heavy Metals

  1. Amuda, O.S. and Ibrahim, A.O. (2006). Industrial Waste treatment using natural material as adsorbent, African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 5(16)
  2. Kaur, A. and Sharma, S. (2017). Removal of heavy metals from waste water by using various adsorbents-A review, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.10 (34)
  3. Murty M.N. and Surrender K. (2004). Environmental Regulation and Industrial Efficiency, 197-198
  4. Ozoh,P.T.E. andOladimeji, A.A. (1984). Effects of Nigeria dye stuff effluent on germination latency, growth and gross growth of Zea mays. Environmental contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 33, 215-219
  5. Sanjay, B., Swapnali,J., Ejaj, I., Sharad, P. and Ajinkya, S. (2017). Heavy metal removal from the wastewater by using low cost adsorbent, Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, Vol. 4, (5)
  6. Tripathi and Rajan (2015). Heavy metal removal from wastewater using low cost adsorbent, Journal of Bioremed Biodegradation, vol. 6

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 6 | Issue 3 | May-June 2019
Date of Publication : 2019-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 370-376
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1848180
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Mrs. Sujata Malik, " Natural Adsorbents: The Potent Effective Solution to The Effluent Treatment of Sugar Industries , International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.370-376, May-June-2019.
Journal URL :

Article Preview