Assessment of Illumination Levels in Healthcare Facilities in Makurdi Metropolis

Authors(7) :-Ochang M.B., Osipeju O. K., Osula T.K., Daramola C. B, Uzoma P. C., Abutu N., Uduagbomen J.

In this study, the illumination levels in some selected health care facilities in Makurdi Metropolis were assessed. The illumination levels at laboratories, nursing stations, postnatal recovery area, medication stations, patients' rooms, pharmacies and the surgical suite (operating rooms) of Bishop Murray Medical Centre (BMMC), Family Support Hospital (FSH), General Hospital North Bank (GHNB), Multi-Care Hospital (MCH) and Benue State University Teaching Hospital(BSUTH) were measured with luxmeter (LX101) in conformity to The British Standard specifications, BS 667:2005. Results reveal that for medication stations, examination and treatment rooms, surgical suites(operating room) and postnatal ward all the health care facilities failed as their illumination levels were below the IESNA standards of 807 Lx, 1615 Lx, 1615 Lx and 807 Lx respectively. However, only BSUTH conformed with the illumination requirement for laboratories, nursing stations and patients' rooms. In general the illumination levels in the health care facilities are very poor. Monitoring of illumination or lighting in health care facilities before and after licensure, establishment regulatory bodies like IES to ensure implementation of illumination standards in health care centers by the Federal Ministry of Health, use of low energy bulbs for luminaries instead of the usual tungsten-filament bulbs in hospitals and studies on the effect of health facility architecture on the illumination level are recommended.

Authors and Affiliations

Ochang M.B.
Physics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Osipeju O. K.
Civil Engineering Technology Department, Nigerian Army Institute of Technology & Environmental Studies, Makurdi, Nigeria
Osula T.K.
Science Laboratory Technology Department ,Nigerian Army Institute of Technology & Environmental Studies, Makurdi, Nigeria
Daramola C. B
Science Laboratory Technology Department ,Nigerian Army Institute of Technology & Environmental Studies, Makurdi, Nigeria
Uzoma P. C.
Science Laboratory Technology Department ,Nigerian Army Institute of Technology & Environmental Studies, Makurdi, Nigeria
Abutu N.
Physics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Uduagbomen J.
Physics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

Illumination, Assessment, Hospital, Luxmeter, Workplace

  1. Dalke H (2004) Light and Colour for Hospital Design: A Report on an NHS Estate Funded by Research Project. London South Bank University, London.
  2. Occupational Safety and Health Branch, Labour Department (2008)Lighting Assessment in Workplace, Canada.
  3. Edwards L and Torcellini P (2002) A Literature Review on the Effect of Natural Light on Building Occupants. US NREL Technical Report.
  4. Robbins, C L. (1986). Day lighting Design and Analysis. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company; pp. 4–13.
  5. Light, Sight and photobiology, Lighting Future vol2. No.3
  6. Collins, B.L. (1975). Windows and People: A Literature Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  7. Martin D.(1959) Enough Light is not Enough in a Hospital Room. Hospital Administration and Construction.
  8. Institute of Medicine (2000) Crossing the Quality Chasm: A new Health System for 21st Century. National Press Academy, Washington DC
  9. Interpretations, Policies and Guidelines (IPGs)on Occupational Health and Safety, Part II of the Canada Labour Code, Measurement of Lighting Levels in the Workplace, Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (COHSR), Part VI, 928-1-IPG-039, 1990.
  10. British Standard, BS 667:2005 Illuminance Meters - Requirements and Test Methods, 2005.
  11. Illuminating Engineering Society of North America(2000)The IESNA Lighting Handbook Reference & Application, 9 Edition.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 8 | May-June 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 159-164
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET1848182
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Ochang M.B., Osipeju O. K., Osula T.K., Daramola C. B, Uzoma P. C., Abutu N., Uduagbomen J., " Assessment of Illumination Levels in Healthcare Facilities in Makurdi Metropolis, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 4, Issue 8, pp.159-164, May-June.2018
URL : http://ijsrset.com/IJSRSET1848182

Follow Us

Contact Us