Achluophobia in High School Students, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Authors(1) :-Sankara Pitchaiah Podila

Achluophobia, fear of darkness, is a common phobia among children and to some degree in adults. The response was taken from 3399 students (8th:1175, 9th:1095, 10th:1129) studying in Government High Schools. The study found that the phobia was more in 8th class students of both rural and urban, compared to 9th and 10 students. Among the rural schools, the average percentage (8th to 10th) was more in Nambur (23.32), Venigalla (17.96) and Tadikonda girls’ (16.35). In the case of urban schools the highest percentage was recorded in SJRR(22.20), SKS (19.25) and SK school (16.90).

Authors and Affiliations

Sankara Pitchaiah Podila
Department of Geology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Andhra Pradesh, India

Achluophobia, Specific Phobia, Anxiety Disorder, Treatment, Rural and Urban High School Students

  1. Abbas Syeda Sarah and Kiran Sehrish (2015), People With Fear Of Height; Achluophobia, World Journal Of Pharmaceutical And Medical Research, 1(1), 52-5.
  2. Bracha HS. 2004. Freeze, flight, fight, fright, faint: adaptationist perspectives on the acute stress response spectrum. CNS Spectr 9: 679–685.
  3. Carleton R. Nicholas (2016) Fear of the unknown: One fear to rule them all? Journal of Anxiety Disorders Volume 41, Pages 5-21
  4. Cohen A (2008) The primary care management of anxiety and depression: a GP’s perspective. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 14: 98-105.
  5. Ernst E (2007) Herbal remedies for depression and anxiety. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 13: 312-316.
  6. Garcia Rene(2017) Neurobiology of fear and specific phobias, Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 24:462–471.
  7. Hofflich, Stacey & A Hughes, Alicia & C Kendall, Philip. (2006). Somatic complaints and chilhood anxiety disorders. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 6. 229-242.
  9. Natural treatment for phobia and anxiety. Available at http:// www.phobicssociety treatment for phobia and anxiety/ Accessed on 24 December 2015.onal Journal of Basic & C.
  10. NICE (2008) Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy for depression and anxiety. Review of Technology Appraisal 51. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence: London.
  11. NICE (2011) Generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia): Management in primary, secondary and community care: Quick Reference Guide.
  12. Orgiles, Mireia, Jose P. Espada and Xavier Mendez (2008) Assessment instruments of darkness phobia in children and adolescents: A descriptive review, International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, Vol. 8, Nº 1, pp. 315-333.Oliveira-Souza Ricardo de (2018) Phobia of the Supernatural: A Distinct but Poorly Recognized Specific Phobia With an Adverse Impact on Daily Living, Front Psychiatry; 9: 590.
  13. Sareen J, Jacobi F, Cox BJ, Belik SL, Clara I, et al. (2006) Disability and poor quality of life associated with comorbid anxiety disorders and physical conditions. Arch Intern Med 166: 2109-2116.
  14. Scott A, Davidson A, Palmer K (2001) Antidepressant drugs in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 7: 275–282.
  15. Singewald N, Schmuckermair C, Whittle N, Holmes A, Ressler KJ. 2015. Pharmacology of cognitive enhancers for exposure-based therapy of fear, anxiety and trauma-related disorders. Pharmacol Ther 149: 150–190
  16. Singh Jarnail, Singh Janardhan (2016) Treatment options for the specific phobias Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol, ;5(3):593-598.
  17. Specific phobia. Available at http://www. /phoias_treatment. html. Accessed on 26 December 2015.
  18. Taylor CB (2006) Panic disorder. BMJ 332: 951-955.
  19. Taylor SE, Klein LC, Lewis BP, Gruenewald TL, Gurung RA, Updegraff JA. 2000. Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight. Psychol Rev 107: 411–429.
  20. World Health Organization (1994). ICD-10: International Statistical Classification of diseases and Related Health Problems (10th rev.). Genova: Author.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 6 | Issue 1 | January-February 2019
Date of Publication : 2019-01-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 117-123
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET196133
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Sankara Pitchaiah Podila, " Achluophobia in High School Students, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.117-123, January-February-2019. Available at doi :
Journal URL :

Article Preview