Forensic Significance of Cardiac Implantable Device (Pacemaker)

Authors(4) :-Anju Bhatt, Vaishali Ajugiya, Deepika Bhandari, Neeta Khobragade

Pacemakers are automated electric medical devices that are imbibed in the pleural cavity near to heart so as to stimulate the heart with electrical inducement to maintain or restore a normal heartbeat. Pacemakers can be implanted temporarily to treat bradycardia after a heart attack, surgery or overdose of medication. They can also be implanted permanently to correct a slow heartbeat or, in some cases, to help treat heart failure. With increase in pacemaker indications and especially implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, the number of patients with implantable devices has been growing steadily. With the enhancement in the technology the design of pacemakers are being modified till date. Pacemakers being an electronic device also stores data of patient’s heartrate, pulse rate and number of time it has paced in a day. Since, technology is killing our opportunity to falsify the information; the data stored in the pacemaker can either support or reject the alibi stated by the victim or assailant. The aim of this research paper is to study the concept and type of digital data stored in implantable cardiac device i.e. pacemaker. This study focuses on awareness about the application of pacemaker in solving forensic cases. Digital data provided by the pacemaker in any ongoing investigation will have a huge evidentiary potential, as it can be made admissible in the court of law under Section 65-B of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. In this paper, we are recommending that pacemakers can be used as digital evidences since, they track the audit trails of the patient.

Authors and Affiliations

Anju Bhatt
Student, M.Sc., Forensic Science, Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai ,Certified Ethical Hacker-EC Council USA
Vaishali Ajugiya
Student, M.Sc., Forensic Science, Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Deepika Bhandari
Assitant Professor, Department of Forensic Science, Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Neeta Khobragade
Assitant Professor, Department of Digital and Cyber Forensics, Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Pacemaker, Digital Evidence, Forensic, Admissibility.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 6 | Issue 3 | May-June 2019
Date of Publication : 2019-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 340-345
Manuscript Number : IJSRSET196369
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099

Cite This Article :

Anju Bhatt, Vaishali Ajugiya, Deepika Bhandari, Neeta Khobragade, " Forensic Significance of Cardiac Implantable Device (Pacemaker), International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.340-345, May-June-2019. Available at doi :
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