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Design and Analysis of Piston Using Composite Material

Authors(6):

Sandeep P, Nidish Kumar A, Akhil Krishnan P. G, Ziyad U, Praveen K, Abdul samad
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In an engine, the piston is used for transfer force from expanding gas in the cylinder to the crankshaft via a piston rod. Piston has to endure the cyclic gas pressure and the inertial forces at work, and this working condition may cause the fatigue damage of the piston such as piston side wear, piston head cracks and so on. Usually tons are made of Aluminium for lightweight, thermal conductivity. But it has poor hot strength and high coefficient of expansion makes it less suitable for high temperature applications. In this project, Aluminium Silicon Carbide (AlSiC),an Aluminium matrix composite used as an alternative for Aluminium. A 3D model was made using ANSYS 15 and thermal analysis was done on ANSYS 15.Compared to aluminium,AlSiC has better abrasion resistance ,creep resistance, dimensional stability, exceptionally good stiffness-to-weight and strength-to-weight ratios and better high temperature performance. Fabrication of piston using AlSiC is also easier than using Aluminium.

Sandeep P, Nidish Kumar A, Akhil Krishnan P. G, Ziyad U, Praveen K, Abdul samad

AlSiC Composite, Piston, ANSYS 15

  1. Abino john, Jenson T Mathew, Vasdev Malhotra, & Nitin Dixit,”Design and Analysis of Piston by SiC Composite Material” IJIRST, volume 1, issue 12, May 2015
  2. Isam Jasim Jaber and Ajeet Kumar Rai “Design and Analysis of I.C.Engine Piston and Piston ring using CATIA and ANSYS software” IJMET, ISSN 0976-6359, volume 5, Issue 2, February 2014, pp.64-73
  3. DeovratVibhandi, AmeyaPradhan, SampadaMhaskar Nikita Sukthankar and Atul Dhale”Design Analysis And Optimization of Piston and Determination of its Thermal stresses using CAE Tools” IJESRT,ISSN: 2277-9655,May 2014
  4. Ajay Raj Singh, Dr.Pushpendra Kumar Sharma “Design, Analysis and Optimization of Three Aluminium Piston Alloys using FEA” IJERA, ISSN: 2248-9622, vol.4,Issue1(version3,January 2014),pp. 94-102

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 4 | March-April - 2017
Date of Publication Print ISSN Online ISSN
2017-04-30 2395-1990 2394-4099
Page(s) Manuscript Number   Publisher
06-10 IJSRSET3402   Technoscience Academy

Cite This Article

Sandeep P, Nidish Kumar A, Akhil Krishnan P. G, Ziyad U, Praveen K, Abdul samad, "Design and Analysis of Piston Using Composite Material", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJSRSET), Print ISSN : 2395-1990, Online ISSN : 2394-4099, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp.06-10, March-April-2017.
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